Purpose: Tumor hypoxia is a major limiting factor for radiation therapy. Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) are overexpressed in several human cancers and are considered prognostic markers and potential targets for cancer therapy. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the impact of HIFs on radiosensitivity. Experimental Design: Renal clear cell carcinoma (RCC) cell lines overexpressing HIFs under normoxic conditions because of inactivation of von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor gene function (VHL-ve) and their matched pairs in which overexpression of HIFs was abolished by expression of functional VHL (VHL+ve) were irradiated. Radiosensitivity was determined by clonogenic assay. HIF and VHL protein levels were evaluated by Western blot analysis. RCC cells were also treated with ibuprofen, a radiosensitizer and HIF inhibitor in prostate cancer cells. The effect of ibuprofen on radiosensitization and HIF and VHL proteins was compared in RCC matched-pair cell lines. Results: The data showed only small differences in the radiosensitivity between the cells overexpressing HIFs and cells with basal HIF levels. The dose-modifying factors for C2, 786-0, and A498 RCC cells were 1.14, 1.14 and 1.15, respectively. Radiation did not alter HIF or VHL protein levels. Ibuprofen inhibited HIFs in VHL+ve cells expressing basal levels of HIFs. In VHL-ve cells overexpressing HIFs, the inhibition was very modest. Ibuprofen radiosensitized C2 RCC cells to the same extent irrespective of their HIF status. Conclusions: Overexpression of HIFs in RCC cells harboring VHL mutations has only a modest effect on the radiosensitivity. Radiosensitization by ibuprofen appears to be independent of HIF status.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research