Effect of pulmonary hypertension on survival in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis after lung transplantation: An analysis of the United Network of Organ Sharing registry

Don Hayes, Robert S. Higgins, Sylvester M. Black, Allison M. Wehr, Amy M. Lehman, Stephen Kirkby, Bryan A. Whitson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a comorbidity associated with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). There is limited research regarding the effect on survival after lung transplantation (LTx). Methods To assess the effect of PH on survival in patients with IPF who received LTx, the United Network for Organ Sharing was queried for eligible patients with recorded mean (PAmean) and systolic (PAsystolic) pulmonary artery pressure. The analysis was restricted to the post-lung allocation scoring system starting May 1, 2005, to provide a cohort receiving present-day therapies and management. The last update of the data set was July 6, 2012, so a cutoff date of July 6, 2011, was chosen to allow for the possibility of at least 1 year of follow-up. Thresholds of ≥25 and ≥35 mm Hg were chosen for PAmean and PAsystolic, respectively, as indicators of PH. Results Of 23,951 LTxs in the UNOS data set, 2,542 met inclusion criteria, 1,234 (49%) with PAmean ≥ 25 mm Hg and 1,680 (66%) with PAsystolic ≥ 35 mm Hg. PAmean and PAsystolic were highly correlated, with an estimated correlation coefficient ρ = 0.93 (p < 0.001). Patients with PH (PAmean ≥ 25 mm Hg or PAsystolic ≥ 35 mm Hg) tended to have higher ischemic times, lung allocation score values, forced vital capacity percentage predicted at LTx, and supplemental oxygen requirement at rest values. In addition, a larger proportion of patients with PH was African American, male, had diabetes, and received bilateral LTx compared with single LTx. Comparing PAmean < 25 vs ≥ 25 mm Hg and PAsystolic < 35 vs ≥ 35 mm Hg, median survival in months was 60.4 (95% confidence interval [CI], 55.2-80.4) vs 61.4 (95% CI, 56.9-66.9; log-rank p = 0.876) and 57.6 (95% CI, 50.9-68.0) vs 64.3 (95% CI, 57.5-71.3; log-rank p = 0. 247), respectively. Hazard ratios for both definitions of PH from univariable and multivariable Cox proportional hazard models were close to 1 and none were statistically significant. Conclusions On the basis of our models and despite PH being prevalent, there is no strong evidence suggesting that PH significantly alters the risk of death in IPF patients after LTx.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)430-437
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • KeyWords idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis lung transplantation prevalence pulmonary hypertension survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Transplantation

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