Propiconazole is a triazole fungicide that has been widely used in agriculture and has been detected in the aquatic environment. This study aimed to investigate the effects of propiconazole exposure on lipid metabolism in the early life stages of zebrafish for 120 h postfertilization (hpf). Using the early life stages of zebrafish to address scientific questions is lower in cost, more efficient, and suitable to meeting current legislation than those in other traditional fish species. Exposure to propiconazole significantly inhibited the development of zebrafish embryos and larvae. This exposure also caused reduced locomotor activities in zebrafish. Furthermore, total cholesterol levels, lipoprotein lipase, and fatty acid synthase activities were significantly decreased. The expression levels of genes involved in lipid metabolism were significantly up-regulated in response to propiconazole exposure. GC-MS/MS analysis revealed that fatty acids were significantly decreased. Together, the findings indicate the potential environmental risks of propiconazole exposure in the aquatic ecosystem.
- fatty acids
- lipid metabolism
- zebrafish embryo
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)