Effect of prior hepatitis B virus exposure on long-term risk of liver-related events after liver transplantation

Po-Hung Chen, Berkeley N. Limketkai, Panagiotis Trilianos, Muge Pirtini-Cetingul, Tinsay Woreta, Brian Kim, Murat T. Gulsen, Dorry Segev, Andrew M Cameron, Ahmet Gurakar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To characterize the risk of liver-related events and death in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-exposed liver transplantation (LT) recipients. Methods: Retrospective review was performed in all adults who underwent LT between January 1995 through December 2010 at the Johns Hopkins Hospital. Recipients with graft failure or death within 14 d of LT or missing HBV status were excluded, leaving 575 individuals for analysis. Patients were classified according to HBV exposure status: Unexposed, Resolved HBV, Chronic HBV, or hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc) seropositive liver donor. Results: Compared with HBV-unexposed patients, the relative hazard of combined liver-related events (rejection, cirrhosis, re-transplantation) and death after LT was not increased in patients with a baseline history of resolved HBV infection or chronic hepatitis B. Using anti-HBc seropositive donors also did not increase the risk of liver-related events, death, or composite events (all p ≥ 0.05). However, hepatitis C was associated with liver-related events [adjusted hazard ratio (aHR), 1.59; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.00-2.52], and blacks had a higher risk of death (aHR, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.01-2.22). Conclusion: LT of patients with prior HBV exposure or use of anti-HBc seropositive donors is not associated with increased risk of liver-related events or death.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalClinical Transplantation
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2016

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Keywords

  • Graft survival
  • Hepatitis B
  • Liver transplantation
  • Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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