Isolated rabbit renal papillary collecting tubule cells were used to examine the effects of phosphodiesterase inhibitors on intracellular cyclic AMP and prostaglandin synthesis. Experiments performed on confluent primary tissue cultures demonstrated that bradykinin increases intracellular cyclic AMP by a prostaglandin-dependent mechanism. Phosphodiesterase inhibitors induced a dose-dependent decrease in bradykinin-stimulated prostaglandin synthesis. Fifty percent inhibition occurred with approxomately 0.7 mM 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX). Inhibition was found to be reversible. IBMX did not inhibit bradykinin-induced prostaglandin synthesis as a result of increased intracellular cyclic AMP. The nonmethylxanthine phosphodiesterase inhibitor RO 20-1724 also reduced bradykinin-stimulated prostaglandin synthesis. IBMX inhibited calcium-ionophore-A23187-induced prostaglandin synthesis but did not inhibit arachidonic acid stimulation of prostaglandin synthesis. The data demonstrate that bradykinin increased renal papillary collecting tubule cell cyclic AMP in a prostaglandin-dependent manner. Based on the data presented, phosphodiesterase inhibitors act to decrease arachidonic acid availability for prostaglandin synthesis, independent of changes in cellular cyclic AMP content.
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