Effect of Perceived Stigma on Adherence to Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy and Self-Confidence to Take Medication Correctly in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Hibret A. Tilahun, Damen Haile Mariam, Amy O. Tsui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Stigma has been a major barrier to accessing HIV prevention, care, and treatment services. This study seeks to assess the effect of stigma on self-reported adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and self-confidence to take medication correctly among HIV-infected adults in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. A descriptive cross-sectional study using both quantitative and qualitative data was carried out at Zewditu Memorial Hospital's HAART clinic. Self-reported Morisky scale was used to assess adherence to HAART, and Berger stigma scale was used to measure the level of perceived stigma. The three measures of stigma (negative self-image, concern about public attitude, and concern about disclosure) were negatively associated with self-reported adherence to HAART and with self-confidence to take medication correctly. In order to improve adherence, programs that address stigma need to be designed and implemented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)346-362
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of HIV/AIDS and Social Services
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2012



  • adherence
  • self-confidence
  • stigma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)

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