Effect of Patient-Specific Preanalytic Variables on CSF Aβ1-42 Concentrations Measured on an Automated Chemiluminescent Platform

Jacqueline A. Darrow, Amanda Calabro, Sara Gannon, Amanze Orusakwe, Rianne Esquivel, C. J. Traynham, Aruna Rao, Seema Gulyani, Kristina Khingelova, Karen Bandeen-Roche, Marilyn Albert, Abhay Moghekar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers are increasingly used to confirm the accuracy of a clinical diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment or dementia due to Alzheimer disease (AD). Recent evidence suggests that fully automated assays reduce the impact of some preanalytical factors on the variability of these measures. This study evaluated the effect of several preanalytical variables common in clinical settings on the variability of CSF β-amyloid 1-42 (Aβ1-42) concentrations. METHODS: Aβ1-42 concentrations were measured using the LUMIPULSE G1200 from both freshly collected and frozen CSF samples. Preanalytic variables examined were: (1) patient fasting prior to CSF collection, (2) blood contamination of specimens, and (3) aliquoting specimens sequentially over the course of collection (i.e., CSF gradients). RESULTS: Patient fasting did not significantly affect CSF Aβ1-42 levels. While assessing gradient effects, Aβ1-42 concentrations remained stable within the first 5 1-mL aliquots. However, there is evidence of a gradient effect toward higher concentrations over successive aliquots. Aβ1-42 levels were stable when fresh CSF samples were spiked with up to 2.5% of blood. However, in frozen CSF samples, even 0.25% blood contamination significantly decreased Aβ1-42 concentrations. CONCLUSIONS: The preanalytical variables examined here do not have significant effects on Aβ1-42 concentrations if fresh samples are processed within 2 h. However, a gradient effect can be observed on Aβ1-42 concentrations after the first 5 mL of collection and blood contamination has a significant impact on Aβ1-42 concentrations once specimens have been frozen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)397-408
Number of pages12
JournalThe journal of applied laboratory medicine
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2021

Keywords

  • Alzheimer disease
  • biomarkers
  • cerebrospinal fluid
  • β-amyloid 1–42

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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