Effect of Mode of Conception on Maternal Serum Relaxin, Creatinine, and Sodium Concentrations in an Infertile Population

Frauke von Versen-Höynck, Nairi K. Strauch, Jing Liu, Yueh Yun Chi, Maureen Keller-Woods, Kirk P. Conrad, Valerie Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To investigate how the mode of conception affects maternal relaxin, creatinine, and electrolyte concentrations. Background: Pregnancies achieved by fertility treatment often begin in a nonphysiologic endocrine milieu with no corpus luteum (CL) or with many corpora lutea. The CL produces not only estradiol and progesterone but is also the sole source of relaxin in early pregnancy, a hormone that may contribute to maternal systemic and renal vasodilation. There is limited data about maternal physiology in early pregnancy during fertility treatment, and studies have rarely considered the potential effect of the absence of the CL. To begin to address this gap in knowledge, we sought to investigate how the mode of conception affects maternal relaxin, creatinine, and electrolyte concentrations. Methods: One hundred eighty-four women who received care at an academic infertility practice provided serum samples. Levels of relaxin 2, creatinine, and electrolytes were compared between 4 groups defined on the basis of mode of conception which corresponded to categories of CL number: (1) absence of the CL, (2) single CL, (3) multiple CL from ovarian stimulation not including in vitro fertilization (IVF), and (4) multiple CL from IVF with fresh embryo transfer. Results: Relaxin-2 levels were undetectable in patients lacking a CL. Creatinine, sodium, and total CO 2 levels were significantly higher in the 0 CL group (relaxin absent) compared to all other groups (relaxin present). Compared to clomiphene, use of letrozole was associated with a lower relaxin level. Conclusion: Early creatinine and sodium concentrations are increased in the absence of relaxin. Given the increasing utilization of frozen embryo transfer, further studies comparing programmed with natural cycles are warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)412-419
Number of pages8
JournalReproductive Sciences
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Relaxin
Corpus Luteum
Creatinine
Sodium
Mothers
Serum
Population
Electrolytes
letrozole
Embryo Transfer
Fertilization in Vitro
Pregnancy
Fertility
Clomiphene
Ovulation Induction
Carbon Monoxide
Vasodilation
Infertility
Progesterone
Estradiol

Keywords

  • assisted reproduction
  • corpus luteum
  • female infertility
  • pregnancy
  • relaxin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Effect of Mode of Conception on Maternal Serum Relaxin, Creatinine, and Sodium Concentrations in an Infertile Population. / von Versen-Höynck, Frauke; Strauch, Nairi K.; Liu, Jing; Chi, Yueh Yun; Keller-Woods, Maureen; Conrad, Kirk P.; Baker, Valerie.

In: Reproductive Sciences, Vol. 26, No. 3, 01.03.2019, p. 412-419.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

von Versen-Höynck, Frauke ; Strauch, Nairi K. ; Liu, Jing ; Chi, Yueh Yun ; Keller-Woods, Maureen ; Conrad, Kirk P. ; Baker, Valerie. / Effect of Mode of Conception on Maternal Serum Relaxin, Creatinine, and Sodium Concentrations in an Infertile Population. In: Reproductive Sciences. 2019 ; Vol. 26, No. 3. pp. 412-419.
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AU - Liu, Jing

AU - Chi, Yueh Yun

AU - Keller-Woods, Maureen

AU - Conrad, Kirk P.

AU - Baker, Valerie

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N2 - Objective: To investigate how the mode of conception affects maternal relaxin, creatinine, and electrolyte concentrations. Background: Pregnancies achieved by fertility treatment often begin in a nonphysiologic endocrine milieu with no corpus luteum (CL) or with many corpora lutea. The CL produces not only estradiol and progesterone but is also the sole source of relaxin in early pregnancy, a hormone that may contribute to maternal systemic and renal vasodilation. There is limited data about maternal physiology in early pregnancy during fertility treatment, and studies have rarely considered the potential effect of the absence of the CL. To begin to address this gap in knowledge, we sought to investigate how the mode of conception affects maternal relaxin, creatinine, and electrolyte concentrations. Methods: One hundred eighty-four women who received care at an academic infertility practice provided serum samples. Levels of relaxin 2, creatinine, and electrolytes were compared between 4 groups defined on the basis of mode of conception which corresponded to categories of CL number: (1) absence of the CL, (2) single CL, (3) multiple CL from ovarian stimulation not including in vitro fertilization (IVF), and (4) multiple CL from IVF with fresh embryo transfer. Results: Relaxin-2 levels were undetectable in patients lacking a CL. Creatinine, sodium, and total CO 2 levels were significantly higher in the 0 CL group (relaxin absent) compared to all other groups (relaxin present). Compared to clomiphene, use of letrozole was associated with a lower relaxin level. Conclusion: Early creatinine and sodium concentrations are increased in the absence of relaxin. Given the increasing utilization of frozen embryo transfer, further studies comparing programmed with natural cycles are warranted.

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