Effect of mandibular position on upper airway collapsibility and resistance

T. Inazawa, T. Ayuse, S. Kurata, I. Okayasu, E. Sakamoto, K. Oi, H. Schneider, A. R. Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

It has been proposed that advancement of the mandible is a useful method for decreasing upper airway collapsibility. We carried out this study to test the hypothesis that mandibular advancement induces changes in upper airway patency during midazolam sedation. To explore its effect, we examined upper airway pressure-flow relationships in each of 4 conditions of mouth position in normal, healthy subjects (n = 9). In the neutral position, Pcrit (i.e., critical closing pressure, an index of upper airway collapsibility) was -4.2 cm H 2O, and upstream resistance (Rua) was 21.2 cm H2O/L/sec. In the centric occlusal position, Pcrit was -7.1 cm H2O, and Rua was 16.6 cm H2O/L/sec. In the incisor position, Pcrit was significantly reduced to -10.7 cm H2O, and Rua was significantly reduced to 14.0 cm H2O/L/sec. Mandibular advancement significantly decreased Pcrit to -13.3 cm H2O, but did not significantly influence Rua (22.1 cm H 2O/L/sec). We conclude that the mandibular incisors' position improved airway patency and decreased resistance during midazolam sedation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)554-558
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Dental Research
Volume84
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2005

Keywords

  • Critical closing pressure
  • Mandibular advancement
  • Sedation
  • Sleep apnea
  • Upper airway

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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