Phasic changes in lung blood volume (LBV) during the respiratory cycle may play an important role in the genesis of the respiratory wave in arterial pressure, or pulsus paradoxus. To better understand the effects of lung inflation on LBV, we studied the effect of changes in transpulmonary pressure (ΔPtp) on pulmonary venous flow (Q̇v) in 8 isolated canine lungs with constant inflow. Inflation when the zone 2 condition was predominant resulted in transient decreases in Q̇v associated with increases in LBV. In contrast, inflation when the zone 3 condition was predominant resulted in transient increases in Q̇v associated with decreases in LBV. These findings are consistent with a model of the pulmonary vasculature that consists of alveolar and extra-alveolar vessels. Blood may be expelled from alveolar vessels but is retained in extra-alveolar vessels with each inflation. The net effect on LBV and thus on Q̇v is dependent on the zone conditions that predominate during inflation, with alveolar or extra-alveolar effects being greater when the zone 3 or zone 2 conditions predominate, respectively. Lung inflation may therefore result in either transiently augmented or diminished Q̇v. Phasic changes in left ventricular preload may therefore depend on the zone conditions of the lungs during the respiratory cycle. This may be an important modulator of respiratory variations in cardiac output and blood pressure.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)