Effect of isoproterenol on relation between maximal rate of contraction and maximal rate of relaxation.

A. O. de Gende, D. P. Alzueta, H. E. Cingolani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The relaxing effect of two positive inotropic interventions was studied in the isolated rat heart beating at constant rate and perfused at constant coronary flow. Experiments were performed under isotonic or isometric conditions during heart perfusions with Ca2+, 3.5 X 10(-3) M, and with isoproterenol, 10(-7) to 10(-8) M. Changes induced in maximal velocity of contraction (+L or +T) and maximal velocity of relaxation (-L or -T) were analyzed as the ratio between both maximal velocities (+L/-L or +T/-T). For similar increments in the amount of the apex-to-base shortening or in developed tension during Ca2+ or isoproterenol perfusions, the effect on the maximal velocity of relaxation differed for each intervention. High Ca2+ perfusion increased velocities of contraction and relaxation proportionally without significant changes in their ratio. Isoproterenol increased -L or -T more than +L or +T and the ratio showed a significant fall both in isotonic and isometric experiments (+L/-L, -0.33 +/- 0.11 and +T/-T, -0.38 +/- 0.09; P less than 0.01). The relaxing effect of the beta agonist seems to be related to the activation of the protein kinase system since perfusions with dibutyryl 3',5'-cAMP had a greater effect on the relaxation of the hearts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalThe American journal of physiology
Volume233
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1977
Externally publishedYes

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Isoproterenol
Perfusion
Protein Kinases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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Effect of isoproterenol on relation between maximal rate of contraction and maximal rate of relaxation. / de Gende, A. O.; Alzueta, D. P.; Cingolani, H. E.

In: The American journal of physiology, Vol. 233, No. 3, 09.1977.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The relaxing effect of two positive inotropic interventions was studied in the isolated rat heart beating at constant rate and perfused at constant coronary flow. Experiments were performed under isotonic or isometric conditions during heart perfusions with Ca2+, 3.5 X 10(-3) M, and with isoproterenol, 10(-7) to 10(-8) M. Changes induced in maximal velocity of contraction (+L or +T) and maximal velocity of relaxation (-L or -T) were analyzed as the ratio between both maximal velocities (+L/-L or +T/-T). For similar increments in the amount of the apex-to-base shortening or in developed tension during Ca2+ or isoproterenol perfusions, the effect on the maximal velocity of relaxation differed for each intervention. High Ca2+ perfusion increased velocities of contraction and relaxation proportionally without significant changes in their ratio. Isoproterenol increased -L or -T more than +L or +T and the ratio showed a significant fall both in isotonic and isometric experiments (+L/-L, -0.33 +/- 0.11 and +T/-T, -0.38 +/- 0.09; P less than 0.01). The relaxing effect of the beta agonist seems to be related to the activation of the protein kinase system since perfusions with dibutyryl 3',5'-cAMP had a greater effect on the relaxation of the hearts.",
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