Effect of incubation with crystalloid solutions or medications on packed red blood cells

Domagoj Mladinov, Kristine Yarnoff, Enika Nagababu, Daniel E. Berkowitz, Courtney Lawrence, Paul M. Ness, Thomas Kickler, Patricia A. Brunker, Joan S. Boyd, Jeffrey M. Dodd-O

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: American Association of Blood Banks (AABB) guidelines suggest that packed red blood cells (PRBCs) be administered through a dedicated intravenous (IV) catheter. Literature supporting this broad-scope declaration are scarce. Obtaining additional IV access is painful, costly, and an infectious risk. We evaluated the effect of co-incubating PRBCs with crystalloids and medications on PRBC hemolysis, membrane deformability, and aggregation, as well as medication concentration. METHODS: PRBCs were co-incubated 5 minutes with plasma, normal saline (NS), 5% dextrose in water (D5W), Plasmalyte, epinephrine (epi), norepinephrine (norepi), dopamine (dopa), or Propofol (prop). Samples were then assessed for hemolysis (free hemoglobin, serum potassium), membrane deformability (elongation index [EI]), aggregation (smear, critical shear stress [mPa]) and drug concentration (High Performance Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry [LCMS-MS]). Significance (p ≤ 0.05) was determined by Wilcoxon-paired comparisons or Wilcoxon/Kruskall Willis with post-hoc Dunn's test. RESULTS: Compared to co-incubation with plasma: 1) co-incubation resulted in significantly increased hemolysis only when D5W as used (free hemoglobin, increased potassium); 2) EI trended lower when co-incubated with D5W and trended toward higher when co-incubated with prop; 3) aggregation was significantly lower when PRBCs co-incubated with NS, D5W, or Plasmalyte, and trended lower when co-incubated with epi, norepi, or dopa. Medication concentrations were between those predicted by distribution only in plasma and distribution through the entire intra- and extracellular space. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that 5 minutes of PRBC incubation with isotonic crystalloids or catecholamines does not deleteriously alter PRBC hemolysis, membrane deformability, or aggregation. Co-incubation with D5W likely increases hemolysis. Propofol may promote hemolysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2643-2651
Number of pages9
JournalTransfusion
Volume59
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2019

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Hemolysis
Erythrocytes
Propofol
Epinephrine
Dopamine
Norepinephrine
Potassium
Hemoglobins
Cell Membrane
Intracellular Space
Matched-Pair Analysis
Extracellular Space
Tandem Mass Spectrometry
crystalloid solutions
Catecholamines
Catheters
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography
Guidelines
Glucose
Membranes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Hematology

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Effect of incubation with crystalloid solutions or medications on packed red blood cells. / Mladinov, Domagoj; Yarnoff, Kristine; Nagababu, Enika; Berkowitz, Daniel E.; Lawrence, Courtney; Ness, Paul M.; Kickler, Thomas; Brunker, Patricia A.; Boyd, Joan S.; Dodd-O, Jeffrey M.

In: Transfusion, Vol. 59, No. 8, 01.08.2019, p. 2643-2651.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mladinov D, Yarnoff K, Nagababu E, Berkowitz DE, Lawrence C, Ness PM et al. Effect of incubation with crystalloid solutions or medications on packed red blood cells. Transfusion. 2019 Aug 1;59(8):2643-2651. https://doi.org/10.1111/trf.15353
Mladinov, Domagoj ; Yarnoff, Kristine ; Nagababu, Enika ; Berkowitz, Daniel E. ; Lawrence, Courtney ; Ness, Paul M. ; Kickler, Thomas ; Brunker, Patricia A. ; Boyd, Joan S. ; Dodd-O, Jeffrey M. / Effect of incubation with crystalloid solutions or medications on packed red blood cells. In: Transfusion. 2019 ; Vol. 59, No. 8. pp. 2643-2651.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND: American Association of Blood Banks (AABB) guidelines suggest that packed red blood cells (PRBCs) be administered through a dedicated intravenous (IV) catheter. Literature supporting this broad-scope declaration are scarce. Obtaining additional IV access is painful, costly, and an infectious risk. We evaluated the effect of co-incubating PRBCs with crystalloids and medications on PRBC hemolysis, membrane deformability, and aggregation, as well as medication concentration. METHODS: PRBCs were co-incubated 5 minutes with plasma, normal saline (NS), 5{\%} dextrose in water (D5W), Plasmalyte, epinephrine (epi), norepinephrine (norepi), dopamine (dopa), or Propofol (prop). Samples were then assessed for hemolysis (free hemoglobin, serum potassium), membrane deformability (elongation index [EI]), aggregation (smear, critical shear stress [mPa]) and drug concentration (High Performance Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry [LCMS-MS]). Significance (p ≤ 0.05) was determined by Wilcoxon-paired comparisons or Wilcoxon/Kruskall Willis with post-hoc Dunn's test. RESULTS: Compared to co-incubation with plasma: 1) co-incubation resulted in significantly increased hemolysis only when D5W as used (free hemoglobin, increased potassium); 2) EI trended lower when co-incubated with D5W and trended toward higher when co-incubated with prop; 3) aggregation was significantly lower when PRBCs co-incubated with NS, D5W, or Plasmalyte, and trended lower when co-incubated with epi, norepi, or dopa. Medication concentrations were between those predicted by distribution only in plasma and distribution through the entire intra- and extracellular space. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that 5 minutes of PRBC incubation with isotonic crystalloids or catecholamines does not deleteriously alter PRBC hemolysis, membrane deformability, or aggregation. Co-incubation with D5W likely increases hemolysis. Propofol may promote hemolysis.",
author = "Domagoj Mladinov and Kristine Yarnoff and Enika Nagababu and Berkowitz, {Daniel E.} and Courtney Lawrence and Ness, {Paul M.} and Thomas Kickler and Brunker, {Patricia A.} and Boyd, {Joan S.} and Dodd-O, {Jeffrey M.}",
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T1 - Effect of incubation with crystalloid solutions or medications on packed red blood cells

AU - Mladinov, Domagoj

AU - Yarnoff, Kristine

AU - Nagababu, Enika

AU - Berkowitz, Daniel E.

AU - Lawrence, Courtney

AU - Ness, Paul M.

AU - Kickler, Thomas

AU - Brunker, Patricia A.

AU - Boyd, Joan S.

AU - Dodd-O, Jeffrey M.

PY - 2019/8/1

Y1 - 2019/8/1

N2 - BACKGROUND: American Association of Blood Banks (AABB) guidelines suggest that packed red blood cells (PRBCs) be administered through a dedicated intravenous (IV) catheter. Literature supporting this broad-scope declaration are scarce. Obtaining additional IV access is painful, costly, and an infectious risk. We evaluated the effect of co-incubating PRBCs with crystalloids and medications on PRBC hemolysis, membrane deformability, and aggregation, as well as medication concentration. METHODS: PRBCs were co-incubated 5 minutes with plasma, normal saline (NS), 5% dextrose in water (D5W), Plasmalyte, epinephrine (epi), norepinephrine (norepi), dopamine (dopa), or Propofol (prop). Samples were then assessed for hemolysis (free hemoglobin, serum potassium), membrane deformability (elongation index [EI]), aggregation (smear, critical shear stress [mPa]) and drug concentration (High Performance Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry [LCMS-MS]). Significance (p ≤ 0.05) was determined by Wilcoxon-paired comparisons or Wilcoxon/Kruskall Willis with post-hoc Dunn's test. RESULTS: Compared to co-incubation with plasma: 1) co-incubation resulted in significantly increased hemolysis only when D5W as used (free hemoglobin, increased potassium); 2) EI trended lower when co-incubated with D5W and trended toward higher when co-incubated with prop; 3) aggregation was significantly lower when PRBCs co-incubated with NS, D5W, or Plasmalyte, and trended lower when co-incubated with epi, norepi, or dopa. Medication concentrations were between those predicted by distribution only in plasma and distribution through the entire intra- and extracellular space. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that 5 minutes of PRBC incubation with isotonic crystalloids or catecholamines does not deleteriously alter PRBC hemolysis, membrane deformability, or aggregation. Co-incubation with D5W likely increases hemolysis. Propofol may promote hemolysis.

AB - BACKGROUND: American Association of Blood Banks (AABB) guidelines suggest that packed red blood cells (PRBCs) be administered through a dedicated intravenous (IV) catheter. Literature supporting this broad-scope declaration are scarce. Obtaining additional IV access is painful, costly, and an infectious risk. We evaluated the effect of co-incubating PRBCs with crystalloids and medications on PRBC hemolysis, membrane deformability, and aggregation, as well as medication concentration. METHODS: PRBCs were co-incubated 5 minutes with plasma, normal saline (NS), 5% dextrose in water (D5W), Plasmalyte, epinephrine (epi), norepinephrine (norepi), dopamine (dopa), or Propofol (prop). Samples were then assessed for hemolysis (free hemoglobin, serum potassium), membrane deformability (elongation index [EI]), aggregation (smear, critical shear stress [mPa]) and drug concentration (High Performance Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry [LCMS-MS]). Significance (p ≤ 0.05) was determined by Wilcoxon-paired comparisons or Wilcoxon/Kruskall Willis with post-hoc Dunn's test. RESULTS: Compared to co-incubation with plasma: 1) co-incubation resulted in significantly increased hemolysis only when D5W as used (free hemoglobin, increased potassium); 2) EI trended lower when co-incubated with D5W and trended toward higher when co-incubated with prop; 3) aggregation was significantly lower when PRBCs co-incubated with NS, D5W, or Plasmalyte, and trended lower when co-incubated with epi, norepi, or dopa. Medication concentrations were between those predicted by distribution only in plasma and distribution through the entire intra- and extracellular space. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that 5 minutes of PRBC incubation with isotonic crystalloids or catecholamines does not deleteriously alter PRBC hemolysis, membrane deformability, or aggregation. Co-incubation with D5W likely increases hemolysis. Propofol may promote hemolysis.

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