Effect of hypothermia on cortical and thalamic signals in anesthetized rats

Cheng Chen, Anil Maybhate, Nitish V. Thakor, Xiaofeng Jia

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Abstract

Beneficial effects of hypothermia on subjects with neuro-pathologies have been well demonstrated in both animal studies and clinical trials. Although it is known that temperature significantly impacts neurological injuries, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. We studied the effect of temperature modulation on neural signals in the cortex and the thalamus in uninjured brains of anesthetized rats. Six rats were divided into a hypothermic (32 to 34 °C, n=3) and a hyperthermic group (38.5 to 39.5 °C, n=3). EEG, and extracellular signals from somatosensory cortex and the ventral posterolateral nucleus of thalamus were recorded at different temperature phases (normothermia (36.5 to 37.5 °C) and hypothermia or hyperthermia). During hypothermia, similar burst suppression (BS) patterns were observed in cortical and thalamic signals as in EEG, but thalamic activity was not completely under suppression when both EEG and cortical signals were electrically silent. In addition, our results showed that hypothermia significantly increased the burst suppression ratio (BSR) in EEG, cortical and thalamic signals by 3.42, 3.25, 7.29 times respectively (P

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Hypothermia
Electroencephalography
Rats
Ventral Thalamic Nuclei
Temperature
Somatosensory Cortex
Pathology
Thalamus
Brain
Animals
Fever
Modulation
Clinical Trials
Wounds and Injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Effect of hypothermia on cortical and thalamic signals in anesthetized rats",
abstract = "Beneficial effects of hypothermia on subjects with neuro-pathologies have been well demonstrated in both animal studies and clinical trials. Although it is known that temperature significantly impacts neurological injuries, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. We studied the effect of temperature modulation on neural signals in the cortex and the thalamus in uninjured brains of anesthetized rats. Six rats were divided into a hypothermic (32 to 34 °C, n=3) and a hyperthermic group (38.5 to 39.5 °C, n=3). EEG, and extracellular signals from somatosensory cortex and the ventral posterolateral nucleus of thalamus were recorded at different temperature phases (normothermia (36.5 to 37.5 °C) and hypothermia or hyperthermia). During hypothermia, similar burst suppression (BS) patterns were observed in cortical and thalamic signals as in EEG, but thalamic activity was not completely under suppression when both EEG and cortical signals were electrically silent. In addition, our results showed that hypothermia significantly increased the burst suppression ratio (BSR) in EEG, cortical and thalamic signals by 3.42, 3.25, 7.29 times respectively (P",
author = "Cheng Chen and Anil Maybhate and Thakor, {Nitish V.} and Xiaofeng Jia",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1109/EMBC.2013.6610998",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2013",
pages = "6317--6320",
journal = "Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference",
issn = "1557-170X",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of hypothermia on cortical and thalamic signals in anesthetized rats

AU - Chen, Cheng

AU - Maybhate, Anil

AU - Thakor, Nitish V.

AU - Jia, Xiaofeng

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Beneficial effects of hypothermia on subjects with neuro-pathologies have been well demonstrated in both animal studies and clinical trials. Although it is known that temperature significantly impacts neurological injuries, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. We studied the effect of temperature modulation on neural signals in the cortex and the thalamus in uninjured brains of anesthetized rats. Six rats were divided into a hypothermic (32 to 34 °C, n=3) and a hyperthermic group (38.5 to 39.5 °C, n=3). EEG, and extracellular signals from somatosensory cortex and the ventral posterolateral nucleus of thalamus were recorded at different temperature phases (normothermia (36.5 to 37.5 °C) and hypothermia or hyperthermia). During hypothermia, similar burst suppression (BS) patterns were observed in cortical and thalamic signals as in EEG, but thalamic activity was not completely under suppression when both EEG and cortical signals were electrically silent. In addition, our results showed that hypothermia significantly increased the burst suppression ratio (BSR) in EEG, cortical and thalamic signals by 3.42, 3.25, 7.29 times respectively (P

AB - Beneficial effects of hypothermia on subjects with neuro-pathologies have been well demonstrated in both animal studies and clinical trials. Although it is known that temperature significantly impacts neurological injuries, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. We studied the effect of temperature modulation on neural signals in the cortex and the thalamus in uninjured brains of anesthetized rats. Six rats were divided into a hypothermic (32 to 34 °C, n=3) and a hyperthermic group (38.5 to 39.5 °C, n=3). EEG, and extracellular signals from somatosensory cortex and the ventral posterolateral nucleus of thalamus were recorded at different temperature phases (normothermia (36.5 to 37.5 °C) and hypothermia or hyperthermia). During hypothermia, similar burst suppression (BS) patterns were observed in cortical and thalamic signals as in EEG, but thalamic activity was not completely under suppression when both EEG and cortical signals were electrically silent. In addition, our results showed that hypothermia significantly increased the burst suppression ratio (BSR) in EEG, cortical and thalamic signals by 3.42, 3.25, 7.29 times respectively (P

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U2 - 10.1109/EMBC.2013.6610998

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