Effect of human recombinant superoxide dismutase of canine myocardial infarction

B. S. Patel, M. O. Jeroudi, P. G. O'Neill, R. Roberts, R. Bolli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To determine whether human recombinant superoxide dismutase (h-SOD) produces sustained reduction of infarct size, anesthetized dogs underwent a 2-h coronary occlusion followed by either 48 or 4 h of reperfusion. In the 48-h study, dogs were randomized to three intravenous treatments: 1) 'low-dose' h-SOD (2 mg/kg bolus 2 min before reperfusion followed by 4 mg/kg over 45 min), 2) 'high-dose' h-SOD (8 mg/kg bolus 2 min before reperfusion followed by 8 mg/kg over 45 min), or 3) equivalent volumes of saline. In the 4-h study, dogs were randomized to high-dose h-SOD or saline. Occluded bed size was measured by postmortem perfusion and infarct size by triphenyl tetrazolium chloride staining and planimetry. Investigators performing the study and measuring infarct size were blinded to the treatment given. High plasma concentrations of h-SOD were present in the arterial blood of treated dogs in the early phase of reperfusion (>60 and >180 μg/ml in low- and high-dose groups, respectively). In both studies, control and treated groups were similar with respect to occluded bed size, collateral blood flow, and rate-pressure product during ischemia. In the 48-h study, infarct size, expressed as percent of occluded bed size, was 41.3 ± 7.6% (mean ± SE) in the control group, 37.1 ± 7.2% in the low-dose h-SOD group, and 48.0 ± 7.1% in the high-dose h-SOD group. In the 4-h study, infarct size was 30.6 ± 4.9% in the control group and 31.5 ± 9.6% in the high-dose h-SOD group. Analysis of the flow-infarct relationships confirmed that h-SOD did not reduce infarct size at any level of collateral flow in either the 48- or 4-h study. Recovery of regional myocardial function after reperfusion was also unaffected by h-SOD in both studies. Thus in this randomized blinded study, large doses of h-SOD given at the time of reperfusion failed to limit infarct size or enhance recovery of function, both early (4 h) and late (48 h) after reperfusion following a 2-h coronary occlusion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H369-H380
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume258
Issue number2 27-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990

Keywords

  • antioxidant therapy
  • coronary reperfusion
  • left ventricular function
  • oxygen free radicals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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