Effect of Hepatocarcinogens on the Binding of Glucocorticoid-Receptor Complex in Rat Liver Nuclei

Thomas W. Kensler, William F. Busby, Nancy E. Davidson, Gerald N. Wogan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The effects of a number of carcinogens and hepatotoxins on the binding kinetics of the interactions of glucocorticoidcytosol receptor complex with nuclear acceptor sites in rat liver were investigated. Both the apparent concentration of nuclear binding sites and the K d were significantly diminished following treatment of rats with sublethal doses of the carcinogens aflatoxin B 1, diethylnitrosamine, dimethylnitrosamine, thioacetamide, 3-methyl-4-dimethylaminoazobenzene, 4-dimethylaminoazobenzene, and 3-methylcholanthrene. Treatment with actinomycin D resulted in a slight reduction in the apparent concentration of nuclear acceptor sites but had no effect on the nuclear binding K d. The hepatotoxic but noncarcinogenic analgesic, acetaminophen, as well as the weakly toxic aflatoxin B 1 cognate, aflatoxin B 2, were without effect on the kinetics or binding capacity of glucocorticoid-nuclear acceptor site interaction. These experiments suggest that chemically induced alteration of functional glucocorticoid binding sites on chromatin may be involved in the biochemical effects produced in liver by carcinogens of several chemical types. This experimental model may provide a useful approach for further elucidation of early events in carcinogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4647-4651
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Research
Volume36
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1976

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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