Effect of failed initial closure on bladder growth in children with bladder exstrophy

Nima Baradaran, Raimondo M. Cervellione, Ryan Orosco, Bruce J. Trock, Ranjiv I. Mathews, John P. Gearhart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Purpose: Failed initial bladder exstrophy closure may hinder the natural course of bladder growth compared to successful primary reconstruction. By measuring successive bladder capacities within the first 5 years of life, we compared the rate of bladder growth in children with failed vs successful initial closure. Materials and Methods: We used an approved bladder exstrophy database to identify and review retrospectively patients with classic bladder exstrophy who underwent repeat cystograms between ages 1 and 6 years. Two groups of patients were identifiedthose with successful neonatal closure (group 1) and those with successful reclosure after an initial failed procedure (group 2). A generalized linear mixed model was fit to evaluate the impact of treatment group and age on bladder growth. Results: We identified 48 patients in group 1 (75% male) and 62 in group 2 (71% male). Initial pelvic osteotomy was done in 60% of group 1 and 34% of group 2. Patients in group 1 had significantly larger cystographic capacity at 2, 4, 5 and 6 years after successful bladder closure compared to those in group 2 (p <0.05). The bladder tended to grow at a significantly slower rate in group 2 (9.38 cc yearly) compared to group 1 (14.76 cc yearly, p = 0.005). Conclusions: Patients with initial failed bladder exstrophy closure showed significantly smaller cystographic capacities and slower bladder growth compared to those who underwent successful neonatal bladder closure. These data clearly underscore the importance of a secure, successful primary closure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1450-1454
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2011


  • bladder exstrophy
  • postoperative complications
  • treatment failure
  • urologic surgical procedures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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