Effect of exercise on blood pressure in older persons: A randomized controlled trial

Kerry Stewart, Anita C. Bacher, Katherine L. Turner, Jerome L. Fleg, Paul Hees, Edward Shapiro, Matthew Tayback, Pamela Ouyang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Because of age-related differences in the cause of hypertension, it is uncertain whether current exercise guidelines for reducing blood pressure (BP) are applicable to older persons. Few exercise studies in older persons have evaluated BP changes in relation to changes in body composition or fitness. Methods: This was a 6-month randomized controlled trial of combined aerobic and resistance training; controls followed usual care physical activity and diet advice. Participants (aged 55-75 years) had untreated systolic BP (SBP) of 130 to 159 mm Hg or diastolic BP (DBP) of 85 to 99 mm Hg. Results: Fifty-one exercisers and 53 controls completed the trial. Exercisers significantly improved aerobic and strength fitness, increased lean mass, and reduced general and abdominal obesity. Mean decreases in SBP and DBP, respectively, were 5.3 and 3.7 mm Hg among exercisers and 4.5 and 1.5 mm Hg among controis (P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)756-762
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Internal Medicine
Volume165
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 11 2005

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Randomized Controlled Trials
Blood Pressure
Resistance Training
Abdominal Obesity
Body Composition
Guidelines
Diet
Hypertension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Effect of exercise on blood pressure in older persons : A randomized controlled trial. / Stewart, Kerry; Bacher, Anita C.; Turner, Katherine L.; Fleg, Jerome L.; Hees, Paul; Shapiro, Edward; Tayback, Matthew; Ouyang, Pamela.

In: Archives of Internal Medicine, Vol. 165, No. 7, 11.04.2005, p. 756-762.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stewart, Kerry ; Bacher, Anita C. ; Turner, Katherine L. ; Fleg, Jerome L. ; Hees, Paul ; Shapiro, Edward ; Tayback, Matthew ; Ouyang, Pamela. / Effect of exercise on blood pressure in older persons : A randomized controlled trial. In: Archives of Internal Medicine. 2005 ; Vol. 165, No. 7. pp. 756-762.
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