Effect of daily fiber intake on reproductive function: The BioCycle Study

Audrey J. Gaskins, Sunni L. Mumford, Cuilin Zhang, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Kathleen M. Hovey, Brian W. Whitcomb, Penelope P. Howards, Neil J. Perkins, Edwina Yeung, Enrique F. Schisterman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: High-fiber diets have been associated with decreased breast cancer risk, likely mediated by the effect of fiber on lowering circulating estrogen concentrations. The influence of fiber on aspects of reproduction, which include ovulation, has not been well studied in premenopausal women. Objective: The objective was to determine if fiber consumption is associated with hormone concentrations and incident anovulation in healthy, regularly menstruating women. Design: The BioCycle Study was a prospective cohort study conducted from 2004 to 2006 that followed 250 women aged 18-44 y for 2 cycles. Dietary fiber consumption was assessed ≤4 times/cycle by using 24-h recall. Outcomes included concentrations of estradiol, progesterone, luteinizing hormone (LH), and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), which were measured ≤8 times/cycle, and incident anovulation. Results: Dietary fiber consumption was inversely associated with hormone concentrations (estradiol, progesterone, LH, and FSH; P <0.05) and positively associated with the risk of anovulation (P = 0.003) by using random-effects models with adjustment for total calories, age, race, and vitamin E intake. Each 5-g/d increase in total fiber intake was associated with a 1.78-fold increased risk (95% CI: 1.11, 2.84) of an anovulatory cycle. The adjusted odds ratio of 5 g fruit fiber/d was 3.05 (95% CI: 1.07, 8.71). Conclusions: These findings suggest that a diet high in fiber is significantly associated with decreased hormone concentrations and a higher probability of anovulation. Further study of the effect of fiber on reproductive health and of the effect of these intakes in reproductive-aged women is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1061-1069
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume90
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Medicine(all)

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    Gaskins, A. J., Mumford, S. L., Zhang, C., Wactawski-Wende, J., Hovey, K. M., Whitcomb, B. W., Howards, P. P., Perkins, N. J., Yeung, E., & Schisterman, E. F. (2009). Effect of daily fiber intake on reproductive function: The BioCycle Study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 90(4), 1061-1069. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.2009.27990