Effect of cyclosporin A on human lymphocyte responses in vitro. III. CsA inhibits the production of T lymphocyte growth factors in secondary mixed lymphocyte responses but does not inhibit the response of primed lymphocytes to TCGF

A. D. Hess, P. J. Tutschka, G. W. Santos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The mechanism whereby cyclosporin A (CsA) inhibits secondary mixed lymphocyte responses was assessed. CsA added to secondary MLR cultures inhibited proliferation and induction of cytolytic lymphocyte activity. This inhibition was found to be associated with the inhibition of T lymphocyte stimulating growth factor(s) (TCGF) production in the supernatants of secondary MLR cultures. As little as 1.0 μg/ml of CsA added to secondary MLR cultures resulted in no measurable TCGF activity. In contrast, moderate doses of CsA (1.0, 2.5 μg/ml), which completely inhibited the secondary MLR response to alloantigen, did not inhibit the proliferative and CML response of alloantigen-primed lymphocytes to these stimulating growth factors. Even at high doses of CsA (20 μg/ml), substantial levels of proliferation (50% of control response) and CML induction (60% of control response) were observed when the primed cells were exposed to secondary MLR supernatants containing TCGF activity. It was concluded that inhibition of secondary mixed lymphocyte responses by CsA may be due in part to the inhibition of TCGF production rather than the inhibition of the effect of TCGF on mature cytotoxic T lymphocytes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)355-359
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume128
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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