The mechanism whereby cyclosporin A (CsA) inhibits secondary mixed lymphocyte responses was assessed. CsA added to secondary MLR cultures inhibited proliferation and induction of cytolytic lymphocyte activity. This inhibition was found to be associated with the inhibition of T lymphocyte stimulating growth factor(s) (TCGF) production in the supernatants of secondary MLR cultures. As little as 1.0 μg/ml of CsA added to secondary MLR cultures resulted in no measurable TCGF activity. In contrast, moderate doses of CsA (1.0, 2.5 μg/ml), which completely inhibited the secondary MLR response to alloantigen, did not inhibit the proliferative and CML response of alloantigen-primed lymphocytes to these stimulating growth factors. Even at high doses of CsA (20 μg/ml), substantial levels of proliferation (50% of control response) and CML induction (60% of control response) were observed when the primed cells were exposed to secondary MLR supernatants containing TCGF activity. It was concluded that inhibition of secondary mixed lymphocyte responses by CsA may be due in part to the inhibition of TCGF production rather than the inhibition of the effect of TCGF on mature cytotoxic T lymphocytes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1982|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy