Effect of breastfeeding promotion interventions on child growth: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Elsa R J Giugliani, Bernardo L. Horta, Christian Loret De Mola, Bernardo O. Lisboa, Cesar G. Victora

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim To update a previous systematic review and meta-analyses about the effect of breastfeeding promotion interventions on child growth. Methods Studies evaluating the effect of any type of breastfeeding promotion intervention on child weight, length (or height) and weight/height (or BMI) were screened. Papers published between 2006 and 2014 were checked using the following databases: PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Lilacs and SciELO. Results Sixteen studies were added to 19 other studies identified in the previous review, resulting in 35 studies. Meta-analyses of studies reporting on mean weight, length, weight/length or BMI showed that the interventions had no impact on weight or length/height z scores [pooled effect: 0.03 (95% confidence interval: -0.06;0.12) and 0.03 (95% confidence interval: -0.02;0.08), respectively] and had a modest, but significant, reduction in body mass index/weight-for-height z scores [z score mean difference: -0.06 (95% confidence interval: -0.12;0.00)], which was limited to studies from low- and high-incomes settings. For all three outcomes, there was important heterogeneity among studies, which should be taken into account when interpreting the results. Conclusion Breastfeeding promotion interventions were not associated with significant changes in weight or length, but led to a modest, albeit significant, reduction in body mass index/weight-for-height z scores.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20-29
Number of pages10
JournalActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
Volume104
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anthropometry
  • Breastfeeding promotion
  • Child growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of breastfeeding promotion interventions on child growth: A systematic review and meta-analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this