Effect of baseline cognitive impairment on association between predicted propofol effect site concentration and Bispectral index or sedation score

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: This study determined whether the relationship between predicted propofol effect site concentration (Ce) and observer's assessment of alertness/sedation scale (OAA/S) or Bispectral Index (BIS) was similar comparing cognitively intact vs impaired patients undergoing hip fracture repair with spinal anesthesia and sedation. Methods: Following informed consent baseline mini-mental status exam (MMSE), Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) and geriatric depression scale (GDS) were obtained. Intraoperatively OAA/S, BIS, and propofol (timing and exact amounts) administered were recorded. Cerebrospinal fluid was collected for Alzheimer's (AD) biomarkers. Mean Ce level (AvgCe) during surgery was calculated using the area under the Ce measurement series from incision to closure, divided by surgical time. Average OAA/S (AvgOAA/S), and BIS (AvgBIS) were similarly calculated. Pearson correlations of AvgCe with AvgOAA/S and AvgBIS were calculated overall and by CDR. Nonparametric locally weighted scatterplot smoothing (LOWESS) fits of AvgOAA/S and AvgBIS on AvgCe were produced, stratified by CDR. Multivariable regression incorporating baseline cognitive measurements or AD biomarkers assessed AvgOAA/S or AvgBIS associations with AvgCe. Results: In 186 participants AvgBIS and AvgOAA/S correlated with AvgCe (Pearson ρ = - 0.72; p < 0.0001 and Pearson ρ = - 0.81; p < 0.0001, respectively), and remained unchanged across CDR levels. Association patterns of AvgOAA/S or AvgBIS on AvgCe guided by LOWESS fits and modeled through regression, were similar when stratified by CDR (p = 0.16). Multivariable modeling found no independent effect on AvgBIS or AvgOAA/S by MMSE, CDR, GDS, or AD biomarkers after accounting for AvgCe. Conclusions: When administering sedation in conjunction with spinal anesthesia, cognitive impairment does not affect the relationship between predicted propofol AvgCe and AvgOAA/S or AvgBIS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number129
JournalBMC Anesthesiology
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 28 2020

Keywords

  • Bispectral index
  • Cognitive dysfunction
  • Conscious sedation
  • Deep sedation
  • Geriatric anesthesia
  • Hip fractures
  • Propofol
  • observer's assessment of alertness and sedation (OAA/S)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of baseline cognitive impairment on association between predicted propofol effect site concentration and Bispectral index or sedation score'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this