Hyperoxaluria leads to calcium oxalate (CaOx) crystallization and development of tubulointerstitial lesions in the kidneys. Treatment of hyperoxaluric rats with angiotensin II (Ang II) type I receptor blocker (ARB) reduces lesion formation. Because Ang II mediates osteopontin (OPN) synthesis, which is involved in both macrophage recruitment and CaOx crystallization, it was hypothesized that ARB acts via OPN. Hyperoxaluria was induced in 10-wk-old male Sprague-Dawley rats, and they were treated with ARB candesartan. At the end of 4 wk, kidneys were examined for crystal deposits, ED-1-positive cells, and expression of OPN mRNA. PCR was used to quantify OPN, renin, and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) mRNA in kidneys. RIA was used to determine renal, plasma, and urinary OPN; plasma renin; Ang II and ACE; and renal Ang II. For evaluating oxidative stress, malondialdehyde was measured. Urinary calcium, oxalate, creatinine, and albumin were also determined. Despite similar urinary calcium and oxalate levels, kidneys of hyperoxaluric rats on candesartan had fewer CaOx crystals, fewer ED-1-positive cells, reduced OPN expression, and reduced malondialdehyde than hyperoxaluric rats. Urinary albumin excretion and serum creatinine levels improved significantly on candesartan treatment. mRNA for OPN, renin, and ACE were significantly elevated in hyperoxaluric rats. OPN synthesis and production increased with hyperoxaluria but, to a lesser extent in candesartan-treated hyperoxaluric rats. These results show for the first time that oxalate can activate the renal renin-angiotensin system and that oxalate-induced upregulation of OPN is in part mediated via renal renin-angiotensin system.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society of Nephrology|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2004|
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