Effect of amphotericin B and fluconazole on platelet membrane glycoproteins

E. M. Sloand, P. Kumar, M. Yu, H. G. Klein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Fever, chills, and reduced platelet recovery may result when platelets are transfused simultaneously with amphotericin B. Amphotericin B reportedly increases the pitting of membranes in stored platelets. Study Design and Methods: The effects of amphotericin B and another antifungal agent, fluconazole, on platelet membrane glycoproteins (GP) were examined by the incubation of split aliquots of fresh and stored platelet concentrates (PCs) with these drugs for 3 days in storage bags. To determine the effect of storage, PCs were stored for 5 days, and aliquots removed on Days 1 through 5 were placed in platelet storage bags with 4 μg per mL of amphotericin B for 2 to 6 hours. Membrane glycoprotein expression was assessed by flow cytometry with fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) directed against the following antigens: GPIb (CD42b), CD63 (an activation protein), P-selectin (CD62), and GPIIb/IIIa (CD41a). Results: Amphotericin B produced a concentration-dependent decrease in the surface binding of CD42b MoAb with no consistent changes in the binding of CD41a, CD63, or CD62 MoAbs after a 3-day exposure. Stored but not fresh PCs showed decreased binding of MoAb CD42b after a 6-hour exposure to amphotericin B (4 μg/mL). Fluconazole produced no changes. When the binding of MoAb CD42b to permeabilized platelets was used to measure total platelet content, amphotericin B (4 μg/mL) decreased MoAb CD42b binding to a similar degree in fresh and stored platelets. Inhibition of aggregation to ADP and collagen and ADP and epinephrine was seen in stored but not fresh PCs. Conclusion: Therapeutic levels of amphotericin B resulted in partial loss of total platelet GPIb in fresh and stored PCs, but decreased surface expression of platelet membrane GPIb only in stored platelets. This difference between fresh and stored platelets may be related to the limited reservoir of GPIb available for redistribution to the membrane in the previously stored PCs and may account for the decreased recovery of transfused platelets observed in some patients receiving amphotericin B.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)415-420
Number of pages6
JournalTransfusion
Volume34
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Hematology

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    Sloand, E. M., Kumar, P., Yu, M., & Klein, H. G. (1994). Effect of amphotericin B and fluconazole on platelet membrane glycoproteins. Transfusion, 34(5), 415-420.