Effect of alterations of pleural pressure on cardiac output

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cardiac output is determined by the interaction of cardiac pump function and the mechanical properties of the peripheral circulation that govern venous return. Increasing pleural pressure impedes peripheral venous return but aids cardiac ejection; on the other hand, decreasing pleural pressure can augment venous return but impedes the emptying of the left ventricle, creating an increase in aortic pressure. Whether a fall in pleural pressure leads to an increase or decrease in cardiac output depends upon the functional state of the heart and its sensitivity to changes in afterload. Understanding the effect of pleural pressure on cardiac output may lead to the development of therapeutic or diagnostic techniques using altered pleural pressure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)423-428
Number of pages6
JournalSouthern medical journal
Volume78
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of alterations of pleural pressure on cardiac output'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this