Effect of afterload resistance on end-systolic pressure-thickness relationship

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Abstract

The influence of afterload resistance on the end-systolic pressure-thickness relationship (ESPTR) was assessed in six isolated canine left ventricles made to eject into a stimulated arterial system. An increase of simulated peripheral resistance from 1.5 to 6.0 mmHg·s·ml-1 resulted in a modest but significant shift of the ESPTR upward and to the right, indicating augmented contractile performance. A relationship between the extent of systolic wall thickening and end-systolic performance was also observed: increased wall thickening impairing and decreased wall thickening enhancing end-systolic performance. The dependence of end-systolic performance on wall thickening history in this setting is consistent with shortening deactivation. This phenomenon appears to account at least in part for the observed shift in the ESPTR with altered afterload resistance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23/4
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume254
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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