Ten patients with AIDS were enrolled in a phase I/II protocol of recombinant CD4-IgG (rCD4-IgG) treatment. Patients' peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) were tested before, during, and after therapy with rCD4-IgG for T helper (TH) cell function assessed by antigen- and mitogen-stimulated proliferation and interleukin-2 production in response to influenza A virus, allogeneic PBL (alloantigens), and phytohemagglutinin. Although clinical benefit was not evident, rCD4-IgG treatment was associated with rapid and potent improved TH cell function for two of three stimuli tested in 90% of the patients. These data are complemented by an in vitro experimental model that demonstrates the opposing immunologic effects of rgp120 and rCD4-IgG on TH cell function of PBL from uninfected individuals. Thus, restoration of TH cell function by rCD4-IgG in the absence of increased CD4 cell counts could be due to removal of an immunosuppressive factor, possibly gp120. These findings suggest that rCD4-IgG can induce partial restoration of immune function in AIDS patients, even in the absence of apparent short-term clinical benefit.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Infectious Diseases|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health