Effect of a Program Combining Transitional Care and Long-term Self-management Support on Outcomes of Hospitalized Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Hanan Aboumatar, Mohammad Naqibuddin, Suna Chung, Hina Chaudhry, Samuel W. Kim, Jamia Saunders, Lee R Bone, Ayse Gurses, Amy Ruth Knowlton, Peter Pronovost, Nirupama Putcha, Cynthia S Rand, Debra Roter, Carol Sylvester, Carol Thompson, Jennifer Wolff, Judith Hibbard, Robert A Wise

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Importance: Patients hospitalized for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations have high rehospitalization rates and reduced quality of life. Objective: To evaluate a hospital-initiated program that combined transition and long-term self-management support for patients hospitalized due to COPD and their family caregivers. Design, Setting, and Participants: This single-site randomized clinical trial was conducted in Baltimore, Maryland, with 240 participants. Participants were patients hospitalized due to COPD, randomized to intervention or usual care, and followed up for 6 months after hospital discharge. Enrollment occurred from March 2015 to May 2016; follow-up ended in December 2016. Interventions: The intervention (n = 120) was a comprehensive 3-month program to help patients and their family caregivers with long-term self-management of COPD. It was delivered by COPD nurses (nurses with special training on supporting patients with COPD using standardized tools). Usual care (n = 120) included transition support for 30 days after discharge to ensure adherence to discharge plan and connection to outpatient care. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was number of COPD-related acute care events (hospitalizations and emergency department visits) per participant at 6 months. The co-primary outcome was change in participants' health-related quality of life measured by the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) at 6 months after discharge (score, 0 [best] to 100 [worst]; 4-point difference is clinically meaningful). Results: Among 240 patients who were randomized (mean [SD] age, 64.9 [9.8] years; females, 61.7%), 203 (85%) completed the study. The mean (SD) baseline SGRQ score was 63.1 (19.9) in the intervention group and 62.6 (19.3) in the usual care group. The mean number of COPD-related acute care events per participant at 6 months was 0.72 (95% CI, 0.45-0.97) in the intervention group vs 1.40 (95% CI, 1.01-1.79) in the usual care group (difference, 0.68 [95% CI, 0.22 to 1.15]; P =.004). The mean change in participants' SGRQ total score at 6 months was -1.53 in the intervention and +5.44 in the usual care group (adjusted difference, -6.69 [95% CI, -12.97 to -0.40]; P =.04). During the study period, there were 15 deaths (intervention: 7; usual care: 8) and 337 hospitalizations (intervention: 135; usual care: 202). Conclusions and Relevance: In a single-site randomized clinical trial of patients hospitalized due to COPD, a 3-month program that combined transition and long-term self-management support resulted in significantly fewer COPD-related hospitalizations and emergency department visits and better health-related quality of life at 6 months after discharge. Further research is needed to evaluate this intervention in other settings. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02036294.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

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Self Care
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Randomized Controlled Trials
Hospitalization
Quality of Life
Caregivers
Hospital Emergency Service
Nurses
Transitional Care
Baltimore
Ambulatory Care
Disease Progression
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

@article{0f3a2ba745114fe191012241817b6123,
title = "Effect of a Program Combining Transitional Care and Long-term Self-management Support on Outcomes of Hospitalized Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Randomized Clinical Trial",
abstract = "Importance: Patients hospitalized for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations have high rehospitalization rates and reduced quality of life. Objective: To evaluate a hospital-initiated program that combined transition and long-term self-management support for patients hospitalized due to COPD and their family caregivers. Design, Setting, and Participants: This single-site randomized clinical trial was conducted in Baltimore, Maryland, with 240 participants. Participants were patients hospitalized due to COPD, randomized to intervention or usual care, and followed up for 6 months after hospital discharge. Enrollment occurred from March 2015 to May 2016; follow-up ended in December 2016. Interventions: The intervention (n = 120) was a comprehensive 3-month program to help patients and their family caregivers with long-term self-management of COPD. It was delivered by COPD nurses (nurses with special training on supporting patients with COPD using standardized tools). Usual care (n = 120) included transition support for 30 days after discharge to ensure adherence to discharge plan and connection to outpatient care. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was number of COPD-related acute care events (hospitalizations and emergency department visits) per participant at 6 months. The co-primary outcome was change in participants' health-related quality of life measured by the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) at 6 months after discharge (score, 0 [best] to 100 [worst]; 4-point difference is clinically meaningful). Results: Among 240 patients who were randomized (mean [SD] age, 64.9 [9.8] years; females, 61.7{\%}), 203 (85{\%}) completed the study. The mean (SD) baseline SGRQ score was 63.1 (19.9) in the intervention group and 62.6 (19.3) in the usual care group. The mean number of COPD-related acute care events per participant at 6 months was 0.72 (95{\%} CI, 0.45-0.97) in the intervention group vs 1.40 (95{\%} CI, 1.01-1.79) in the usual care group (difference, 0.68 [95{\%} CI, 0.22 to 1.15]; P =.004). The mean change in participants' SGRQ total score at 6 months was -1.53 in the intervention and +5.44 in the usual care group (adjusted difference, -6.69 [95{\%} CI, -12.97 to -0.40]; P =.04). During the study period, there were 15 deaths (intervention: 7; usual care: 8) and 337 hospitalizations (intervention: 135; usual care: 202). Conclusions and Relevance: In a single-site randomized clinical trial of patients hospitalized due to COPD, a 3-month program that combined transition and long-term self-management support resulted in significantly fewer COPD-related hospitalizations and emergency department visits and better health-related quality of life at 6 months after discharge. Further research is needed to evaluate this intervention in other settings. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02036294.",
author = "Hanan Aboumatar and Mohammad Naqibuddin and Suna Chung and Hina Chaudhry and Kim, {Samuel W.} and Jamia Saunders and Bone, {Lee R} and Ayse Gurses and Knowlton, {Amy Ruth} and Peter Pronovost and Nirupama Putcha and Rand, {Cynthia S} and Debra Roter and Carol Sylvester and Carol Thompson and Jennifer Wolff and Judith Hibbard and Wise, {Robert A}",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1001/jama.2018.17933",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association",
issn = "0098-7484",
publisher = "American Medical Association",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of a Program Combining Transitional Care and Long-term Self-management Support on Outcomes of Hospitalized Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

T2 - A Randomized Clinical Trial

AU - Aboumatar, Hanan

AU - Naqibuddin, Mohammad

AU - Chung, Suna

AU - Chaudhry, Hina

AU - Kim, Samuel W.

AU - Saunders, Jamia

AU - Bone, Lee R

AU - Gurses, Ayse

AU - Knowlton, Amy Ruth

AU - Pronovost, Peter

AU - Putcha, Nirupama

AU - Rand, Cynthia S

AU - Roter, Debra

AU - Sylvester, Carol

AU - Thompson, Carol

AU - Wolff, Jennifer

AU - Hibbard, Judith

AU - Wise, Robert A

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Importance: Patients hospitalized for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations have high rehospitalization rates and reduced quality of life. Objective: To evaluate a hospital-initiated program that combined transition and long-term self-management support for patients hospitalized due to COPD and their family caregivers. Design, Setting, and Participants: This single-site randomized clinical trial was conducted in Baltimore, Maryland, with 240 participants. Participants were patients hospitalized due to COPD, randomized to intervention or usual care, and followed up for 6 months after hospital discharge. Enrollment occurred from March 2015 to May 2016; follow-up ended in December 2016. Interventions: The intervention (n = 120) was a comprehensive 3-month program to help patients and their family caregivers with long-term self-management of COPD. It was delivered by COPD nurses (nurses with special training on supporting patients with COPD using standardized tools). Usual care (n = 120) included transition support for 30 days after discharge to ensure adherence to discharge plan and connection to outpatient care. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was number of COPD-related acute care events (hospitalizations and emergency department visits) per participant at 6 months. The co-primary outcome was change in participants' health-related quality of life measured by the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) at 6 months after discharge (score, 0 [best] to 100 [worst]; 4-point difference is clinically meaningful). Results: Among 240 patients who were randomized (mean [SD] age, 64.9 [9.8] years; females, 61.7%), 203 (85%) completed the study. The mean (SD) baseline SGRQ score was 63.1 (19.9) in the intervention group and 62.6 (19.3) in the usual care group. The mean number of COPD-related acute care events per participant at 6 months was 0.72 (95% CI, 0.45-0.97) in the intervention group vs 1.40 (95% CI, 1.01-1.79) in the usual care group (difference, 0.68 [95% CI, 0.22 to 1.15]; P =.004). The mean change in participants' SGRQ total score at 6 months was -1.53 in the intervention and +5.44 in the usual care group (adjusted difference, -6.69 [95% CI, -12.97 to -0.40]; P =.04). During the study period, there were 15 deaths (intervention: 7; usual care: 8) and 337 hospitalizations (intervention: 135; usual care: 202). Conclusions and Relevance: In a single-site randomized clinical trial of patients hospitalized due to COPD, a 3-month program that combined transition and long-term self-management support resulted in significantly fewer COPD-related hospitalizations and emergency department visits and better health-related quality of life at 6 months after discharge. Further research is needed to evaluate this intervention in other settings. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02036294.

AB - Importance: Patients hospitalized for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations have high rehospitalization rates and reduced quality of life. Objective: To evaluate a hospital-initiated program that combined transition and long-term self-management support for patients hospitalized due to COPD and their family caregivers. Design, Setting, and Participants: This single-site randomized clinical trial was conducted in Baltimore, Maryland, with 240 participants. Participants were patients hospitalized due to COPD, randomized to intervention or usual care, and followed up for 6 months after hospital discharge. Enrollment occurred from March 2015 to May 2016; follow-up ended in December 2016. Interventions: The intervention (n = 120) was a comprehensive 3-month program to help patients and their family caregivers with long-term self-management of COPD. It was delivered by COPD nurses (nurses with special training on supporting patients with COPD using standardized tools). Usual care (n = 120) included transition support for 30 days after discharge to ensure adherence to discharge plan and connection to outpatient care. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was number of COPD-related acute care events (hospitalizations and emergency department visits) per participant at 6 months. The co-primary outcome was change in participants' health-related quality of life measured by the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) at 6 months after discharge (score, 0 [best] to 100 [worst]; 4-point difference is clinically meaningful). Results: Among 240 patients who were randomized (mean [SD] age, 64.9 [9.8] years; females, 61.7%), 203 (85%) completed the study. The mean (SD) baseline SGRQ score was 63.1 (19.9) in the intervention group and 62.6 (19.3) in the usual care group. The mean number of COPD-related acute care events per participant at 6 months was 0.72 (95% CI, 0.45-0.97) in the intervention group vs 1.40 (95% CI, 1.01-1.79) in the usual care group (difference, 0.68 [95% CI, 0.22 to 1.15]; P =.004). The mean change in participants' SGRQ total score at 6 months was -1.53 in the intervention and +5.44 in the usual care group (adjusted difference, -6.69 [95% CI, -12.97 to -0.40]; P =.04). During the study period, there were 15 deaths (intervention: 7; usual care: 8) and 337 hospitalizations (intervention: 135; usual care: 202). Conclusions and Relevance: In a single-site randomized clinical trial of patients hospitalized due to COPD, a 3-month program that combined transition and long-term self-management support resulted in significantly fewer COPD-related hospitalizations and emergency department visits and better health-related quality of life at 6 months after discharge. Further research is needed to evaluate this intervention in other settings. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02036294.

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