A program for automatic evaluation of EEG spectra, providing considerable reduction of data, was devised. Artefacts were eliminated in two steps: first, the longer duration eye movement artefacts were removed by a fast and simple 'moving integral' method, then occasional spikes were identified by means of a detection function defined in the formalism of the autoregressive (AR) model. The evaluation of power spectra was performed by means of an FFT and autoregressive representation, which made possible the comparison of both methods. The spectra obtained by means of the AR model had much smaller statistical fluctuations and better resolution, enabling us to follow the time changes of the EEG pattern. Another advantage of the autoregressive approach was the parametric description of the signal. This last property appeared to be essential in distinguishing the changes in the EEG pattern. In a drug study the application of the coefficients of the AR model as input parameters in the discriminant analysis, instead of arbitrary chosen frequency bands, brought a significant improvement in distinguishing the effects of the medication. The favourable properties of the AR model are connected with the fact that the above approach fulfills the maximum entropy principle. This means that the method describes in a maximally consistent way the available information and is free from additional assumptions, which is not the case for the FFT estimate.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology|
|State||Published - 1981|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology