Educational disparities in rates of smoking among diabetic adults: The translating research into action for diabetes study

Andrew J. Karter, Mark R. Stevens, Edward W. Gregg, Arleen F. Brown, Chien Wen Tseng, David G. Marrero, O. Kenrik Duru, Tiffany L. Gary, John D. Piette, Beth Waitzfelder, William H. Herman, Gloria L. Beckles, Monika M. Safford, Susan L. Ettner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives. We assessed educational disparities in smoking rates among adults with diabetes in managed care settings. Methods. We used a cross-sectional, survey-based (2002-2003) observational study among 6538 diabetic patients older than 25 years across multiple managed care health plans and states. For smoking at each level of self-reported educational attainment, predicted probabilities were estimated by means of hierarchical logistic regression models with random intercepts for health plan, adjusted for potential confounders. Results. Overall, 15% the participants reported current smoking. An educational gradient in smoking was observed that varied significantly (P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)365-370
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume98
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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