Education and work in the pelotas birth cohort from 1982 to 2004-5, Southern Brazil

Fernando C. Barros, Denise Petrucci Gigante, Bernardo L. Horta, Cesar G. Victora

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the infl uence of biological and socioeconomic factors throughout life on entry into the university and insertion in the work force of young adults from the 1982 birth cohort. METHODS: Longitudinal study of 5,914 births that took place in the city of Pelotas, Southern Brazil, in 1982. Data was collected by means of questionnaires applied on young adults when accompanying the 1982 cohort in 2004-5. Information was gathered concerning educational level and insertion in the labor market. Poisson Regression was utilized to study the effect of demographic and socioeconomic variables, as well as birth weight and maternal breastfeeding, on the outcomes. RESULTS: On the average, these young adults had 9.4 (± 3.1) years of schooling and 42% of them were attending school in 2004-5. One in fi ve young adults had entered a university and approximately two thirds were working during the month prior to the interview. Entry in the university was determined by economic conditions. Furthermore, women's birth weight and breastfeeding among men infl uenced this outcome. Insertion in the labor market was more frequent among the poorer men, but this did not affect women's outcomes in this respect. CONCLUSIONS: The low inclusion in the university and the need to enter the labor market among the poor families maintains a vicious circle that reproduces the dominant social hierarchy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-25
Number of pages10
JournalRevista de Saude Publica
Volume42
Issue numberSUPPL.2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Brazil
Young Adult
Parturition
Education
Breast Feeding
Birth Weight
Social Hierarchy
Biological Factors
Longitudinal Studies
Economics
Mothers
Demography
Interviews

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Education and work in the pelotas birth cohort from 1982 to 2004-5, Southern Brazil. / Barros, Fernando C.; Gigante, Denise Petrucci; Horta, Bernardo L.; Victora, Cesar G.

In: Revista de Saude Publica, Vol. 42, No. SUPPL.2, 2008, p. 16-25.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Barros, Fernando C. ; Gigante, Denise Petrucci ; Horta, Bernardo L. ; Victora, Cesar G. / Education and work in the pelotas birth cohort from 1982 to 2004-5, Southern Brazil. In: Revista de Saude Publica. 2008 ; Vol. 42, No. SUPPL.2. pp. 16-25.
@article{3e69f6f54bc041acad19e7ecdc7d9c60,
title = "Education and work in the pelotas birth cohort from 1982 to 2004-5, Southern Brazil",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To analyze the infl uence of biological and socioeconomic factors throughout life on entry into the university and insertion in the work force of young adults from the 1982 birth cohort. METHODS: Longitudinal study of 5,914 births that took place in the city of Pelotas, Southern Brazil, in 1982. Data was collected by means of questionnaires applied on young adults when accompanying the 1982 cohort in 2004-5. Information was gathered concerning educational level and insertion in the labor market. Poisson Regression was utilized to study the effect of demographic and socioeconomic variables, as well as birth weight and maternal breastfeeding, on the outcomes. RESULTS: On the average, these young adults had 9.4 (± 3.1) years of schooling and 42{\%} of them were attending school in 2004-5. One in fi ve young adults had entered a university and approximately two thirds were working during the month prior to the interview. Entry in the university was determined by economic conditions. Furthermore, women's birth weight and breastfeeding among men infl uenced this outcome. Insertion in the labor market was more frequent among the poorer men, but this did not affect women's outcomes in this respect. CONCLUSIONS: The low inclusion in the university and the need to enter the labor market among the poor families maintains a vicious circle that reproduces the dominant social hierarchy.",
author = "Barros, {Fernando C.} and Gigante, {Denise Petrucci} and Horta, {Bernardo L.} and Victora, {Cesar G.}",
year = "2008",
doi = "10.1590/S0034-89102008000900004",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "42",
pages = "16--25",
journal = "Revista de Saude Publica",
issn = "0034-8910",
publisher = "University of Sao Paolo",
number = "SUPPL.2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Education and work in the pelotas birth cohort from 1982 to 2004-5, Southern Brazil

AU - Barros, Fernando C.

AU - Gigante, Denise Petrucci

AU - Horta, Bernardo L.

AU - Victora, Cesar G.

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To analyze the infl uence of biological and socioeconomic factors throughout life on entry into the university and insertion in the work force of young adults from the 1982 birth cohort. METHODS: Longitudinal study of 5,914 births that took place in the city of Pelotas, Southern Brazil, in 1982. Data was collected by means of questionnaires applied on young adults when accompanying the 1982 cohort in 2004-5. Information was gathered concerning educational level and insertion in the labor market. Poisson Regression was utilized to study the effect of demographic and socioeconomic variables, as well as birth weight and maternal breastfeeding, on the outcomes. RESULTS: On the average, these young adults had 9.4 (± 3.1) years of schooling and 42% of them were attending school in 2004-5. One in fi ve young adults had entered a university and approximately two thirds were working during the month prior to the interview. Entry in the university was determined by economic conditions. Furthermore, women's birth weight and breastfeeding among men infl uenced this outcome. Insertion in the labor market was more frequent among the poorer men, but this did not affect women's outcomes in this respect. CONCLUSIONS: The low inclusion in the university and the need to enter the labor market among the poor families maintains a vicious circle that reproduces the dominant social hierarchy.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To analyze the infl uence of biological and socioeconomic factors throughout life on entry into the university and insertion in the work force of young adults from the 1982 birth cohort. METHODS: Longitudinal study of 5,914 births that took place in the city of Pelotas, Southern Brazil, in 1982. Data was collected by means of questionnaires applied on young adults when accompanying the 1982 cohort in 2004-5. Information was gathered concerning educational level and insertion in the labor market. Poisson Regression was utilized to study the effect of demographic and socioeconomic variables, as well as birth weight and maternal breastfeeding, on the outcomes. RESULTS: On the average, these young adults had 9.4 (± 3.1) years of schooling and 42% of them were attending school in 2004-5. One in fi ve young adults had entered a university and approximately two thirds were working during the month prior to the interview. Entry in the university was determined by economic conditions. Furthermore, women's birth weight and breastfeeding among men infl uenced this outcome. Insertion in the labor market was more frequent among the poorer men, but this did not affect women's outcomes in this respect. CONCLUSIONS: The low inclusion in the university and the need to enter the labor market among the poor families maintains a vicious circle that reproduces the dominant social hierarchy.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=67650591302&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=67650591302&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1590/S0034-89102008000900004

DO - 10.1590/S0034-89102008000900004

M3 - Article

VL - 42

SP - 16

EP - 25

JO - Revista de Saude Publica

JF - Revista de Saude Publica

SN - 0034-8910

IS - SUPPL.2

ER -