The increase in the prevalence and impact of infections caused by carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae is a global health concern. Therefore, rapid and accurate methods to detect these organisms in any clinical microbiology laboratory, including those in resource-limited settings, are essential to prevent and contain their spread. It is also important to differentiate between serine- and metaldependent carbapenemases elaborated by carbapenemase-producing isolates for epidemiologic, infection control and prevention, and therapeutic purposes. Here, we describe the development and evaluation of the EDTA-modified carbapenem inactivation method (eCIM), an assay for discriminating between serine- and metaldependent (i.e., metallo-β-lactamases [MBLs]) carbapenemases when used in conjunction with the modified carbapenem inactivation method (mCIM). The eCIM had an overall sensitivity and specificity of 100% and was adopted by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute as a method to use in combination with the mCIM to identify MBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae.
- Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae
- EDTA-modified carbapenem inactivation method
- Modified carbapenem inactivation method
- Phenotypic detection
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)