Objective To evaluate whether the rate of ectopic pregnancy differs between fresh and frozen embryo transfers.
Design Systematic review and meta-analysis.
Setting Centers for reproductive care.
Materials and methods An electronic literature search in MEDLINE through PubMed was performed through December 2013. We included clinical trials comparing outcomes of in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles between fresh and frozen embryo transfers.
Main outcome measures Ectopic pregnancy rates from fresh versus frozen IVF cycles.
Results A meta-analysis revealed no significant difference between ectopic pregnancy rates in fresh versus frozen embryo transfer. Similarly, there was no difference between ectopic pregnancy rates in natural-cycle frozen embryo transfer versus programmed cycles.
Conclusions Differences in the hormonal milieu of the uterine environment between fresh and frozen embryo transfer stimulation do not appear to affect the ectopic pregnancy rate. More directed studies are needed before a definite recommendation can be made as to which is safer for prevention of ectopic pregnancy- fresh or frozen embryo transfer.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Reproductive Medicine
- Obstetrics and Gynecology