Economic Evaluations of Interventions for Children in the Developing World: The WHO-CHOICE Approach

Tessa Tan Torres Edejer, Moses Aikins, Robert Black, Lara Wolfson, Raymond Hutubessy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

There are logistical and analytical challenges when conducting economic evaluations in the developing world, ranging from lack of data on costs to determining generalizability. This chapter describes the WHO-CHOICE approach, a generalized form of cost-effectiveness analysis. By using the 'null' scenario which assumes an absence of interventions for treating or preventing a condition of interest, this method allows existing and new interventions to be analysed at the same time. Costeffectiveness analysis for child health interventions are presented including oral rehydration therapy, case management for pneumonia, Vitamin A and zinc supplementation and fortification, provision of supplementary food during weaning with nutrition counseling, and measles vaccination using the WHO-CHOICE approach. Methods for costing interventions and assessing the population impact of the interventions are presented. Results are expressed in terms of cost per disabilityadjusted life year (DALY) averted. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the value of the WHO-CHOICE approach to inform resource allocation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEconomic Evaluation in Child Health
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780191720055
ISBN (Print)9780199547494
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2010

Keywords

  • Child health
  • Cost-effectiveness analysis
  • DALY
  • Disabilityadjusted life year
  • Measles vaccination
  • Nutrition counseling
  • Vitamin supplementation
  • WHO-CHOICE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Economic Evaluations of Interventions for Children in the Developing World: The WHO-CHOICE Approach'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Edejer, T. T. T., Aikins, M., Black, R., Wolfson, L., & Hutubessy, R. (2010). Economic Evaluations of Interventions for Children in the Developing World: The WHO-CHOICE Approach. In Economic Evaluation in Child Health Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.13