Economic Evaluations of Interventions for Children in the Developing World: The WHO-CHOICE Approach

Tessa Tan Torres Edejer, Moses Aikins, Robert E Black, Lara Wolfson, Raymond Hutubessy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

There are logistical and analytical challenges when conducting economic evaluations in the developing world, ranging from lack of data on costs to determining generalizability. This chapter describes the WHO-CHOICE approach, a generalized form of cost-effectiveness analysis. By using the 'null' scenario which assumes an absence of interventions for treating or preventing a condition of interest, this method allows existing and new interventions to be analysed at the same time. Costeffectiveness analysis for child health interventions are presented including oral rehydration therapy, case management for pneumonia, Vitamin A and zinc supplementation and fortification, provision of supplementary food during weaning with nutrition counseling, and measles vaccination using the WHO-CHOICE approach. Methods for costing interventions and assessing the population impact of the interventions are presented. Results are expressed in terms of cost per disabilityadjusted life year (DALY) averted. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the value of the WHO-CHOICE approach to inform resource allocation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEconomic Evaluation in Child Health
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Print)9780191720055, 9780199547494
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2010

Fingerprint

Cost-Benefit Analysis
Costs and Cost Analysis
Resource Allocation
Fluid Therapy
Measles
Case Management
Weaning
Vitamin A
Zinc
Counseling
Pneumonia
Vaccination
Food
Population
Child Health

Keywords

  • Child health
  • Cost-effectiveness analysis
  • DALY
  • Disabilityadjusted life year
  • Measles vaccination
  • Nutrition counseling
  • Vitamin supplementation
  • WHO-CHOICE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Edejer, T. T. T., Aikins, M., Black, R. E., Wolfson, L., & Hutubessy, R. (2010). Economic Evaluations of Interventions for Children in the Developing World: The WHO-CHOICE Approach. In Economic Evaluation in Child Health Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.13

Economic Evaluations of Interventions for Children in the Developing World : The WHO-CHOICE Approach. / Edejer, Tessa Tan Torres; Aikins, Moses; Black, Robert E; Wolfson, Lara; Hutubessy, Raymond.

Economic Evaluation in Child Health. Oxford University Press, 2010.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Edejer, TTT, Aikins, M, Black, RE, Wolfson, L & Hutubessy, R 2010, Economic Evaluations of Interventions for Children in the Developing World: The WHO-CHOICE Approach. in Economic Evaluation in Child Health. Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.13
Edejer TTT, Aikins M, Black RE, Wolfson L, Hutubessy R. Economic Evaluations of Interventions for Children in the Developing World: The WHO-CHOICE Approach. In Economic Evaluation in Child Health. Oxford University Press. 2010 https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.13
Edejer, Tessa Tan Torres ; Aikins, Moses ; Black, Robert E ; Wolfson, Lara ; Hutubessy, Raymond. / Economic Evaluations of Interventions for Children in the Developing World : The WHO-CHOICE Approach. Economic Evaluation in Child Health. Oxford University Press, 2010.
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