Ecallantide (DX-88) for acute hereditary angioedema attacks: Integrated analysis of 2 double-blind, phase 3 studies

Albert L. Sheffer, Marilyn Campion, Robyn J. Levy, H. Henry Li, Patrick T. Horn, William E. Pullman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a rare disorder characterized by recurrent angioedema attacks. Ecallantide, a novel plasma kallikrein inhibitor, inhibits production of bradykinin, the key mediator of these angioedema attacks. Objective: We sought to further characterize the safety and efficacy of ecallantide for HAE attacks by performing an integrated analysis of pooled data from 2 phase 3 studies. Methods: An integrated analysis was conducted with data from 2 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies in which patients with HAE (age ≥10 years) received 30 mg of subcutaneous ecallantide or placebo within 8 hours of onset of a moderate-to-severe attack at any anatomic site. Efficacy was evaluated by using validated patient-reported outcome measures: the Mean Symptom Complex Severity (MSCS) score and the Treatment Outcome Score (TOS). Results: Compared with placebo, ecallantide resulted in significantly greater reduction in MSCS scores from baseline to 4 hours after dosing (ecallantide [mean ± SD], -0.97 ± 0.78; placebo, -0.47 ± 0.71; P <.001) and a significantly greater increase in TOSs at 4 hours (ecallantide, 55.5 ± 46.5; placebo, 20.0 ± 58.9; P <.001). Significantly greater symptomatic improvement over placebo occurred through 24 hours after dosing (MSCS score, P =.028; TOS, P =.039). Ecallantide demonstrated efficacy at all attack sites. The incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events was similar between groups. Conclusions: This integrated analysis supports and expands on the results of the phase 3 studies. Ecallantide appears to be effective and well tolerated for the treatment of HAE attacks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-159.e4
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume128
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ecallantide
  • Evaluation of DX-88's Effects in Mitigating Angioedema 3 and 4
  • hereditary angioedema
  • mean symptom complex severity
  • plasma kallikrein inhibitor
  • treatment outcome score

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Ecallantide (DX-88) for acute hereditary angioedema attacks: Integrated analysis of 2 double-blind, phase 3 studies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this