In addition to functioning as a transcriptional transactivator, Epstein-Barr virus EBNA2 interacts with Nur77 to protect against Nur77-mediated apoptosis. Estrogen-regulated EBNA2 in EREB2-5 cells was replaced by either EBNA2 or EBNA2 with a deletion of conserved region 4 (EBNA2ΔCR4). Both EBNA2-converted and EBNA2ΔCR4-converted EREB2-5 cells grew in the absence of estrogen and expressed LMP1. Treatment with tumor necrosis factor alpha did not induce apoptosis of EBNA2- or EBNA2ΔCR4-expressing cells, but EBNA2ΔCR4 cells were susceptible to etoposide and 5-fluorouracil, Nur77-mediaied inducers of apoptosis. Thus, EBNA2 protects B cells against specific apoptotic agents against which LMP1 is not effective.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Virology|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2004|
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