We have recently described a rat model of acute cyclosporine nephrotoxicity characterized by rapid onset of reproducible mild to moderate renal failure. In the present studies, we have examined early pathophysiologic events and morphologic changes in this model. Following acute intraperitoneal administration of 60 mg/kg of parenteral cyclosporine, renal blood flow (RBF) fell 24% from baseline. Intraperitoneal administration of an oral cyclosporine preparation (60 mg/kg) also reduced RBF (25% as did administration of an equivalent volume of parenteral cremophore (23% Renal vascular resistance (RVR) increased significantly in all these groups. In contrast, intraperitoneal administration of mineral oil or olive oil oral vehicle produced no significant change in RBF (4% fall from baseline), and RVR actually decreased in these control animals. Following 2 daily doses of these agents, RBF remained significantly lower in rats given parenteral cyclosporine (5.10 mL/min vs 8.54 mL/min in cremophore rats and 7.28 mL/min in oil control rats) and renal vascular resistance remained high. Systemic blood pressure was also significantly lower in cyclosporine-treated rats at 2 days, and GFR was depressed. Morphologic studies revealed a correlation at 2 days between tubular vacuolation and renal blood flow and renal vascular resistance in cyclosporine-treated rats.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine