BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that peptide YY (PYY) and enteroglucagon have an important role in intestinal adaptation after massive small bowel resection. This study was done to define the mechanisms, timing, and anatomic distribution of the PYY and enteroglucagon response. STUDY DESIGN: Lewis rats underwent resection of 70 percent of the small bowel (leaving equal segments of jejunum and lieum), transection, or laparotomy alone. Jejanum, ileum, and colon were compared in resected, transected, and control bowel six hours, 24 hours, one week, and two weeks postoperatively. RESULTS: Analysis of DNA, RNA, and protein per cm of bowel demonstrated hyperplastic changes. Radioimmunoassay revealed plasma PYY and enteroglucagon to be significantly elevated 24 hours after resection and they remained so through week two. In contrast, tissue PYY and enteroglucagon content decreased significantly in all tissues (p<0.05) after resection. Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and Southern blot analysis demonstrated an immediate and sustained increase in PYY messenger RNA (mRNA) in both the ileum (fourfold) and in the colon (2.5-fold) at six hours (p<0.05). A gradual increase in PYY mRNA was also demonstrated in the jejunum with significance at two weeks (p<0.05). Proglucagon mRNA was significantly higher in the jejunum, compared with the ileum and colon, at 24 hours, one week, and two weeks postresection. CONCLUSIONS: Alterations in PYY and enteroglucagon synthesis occur early in the ileum and colon after massive small bowel resection. The residual jejunum, however, is primarily responsible for the adaptive hyperenteroglucagonemia. These findings suggest that although PYY and enteroglucagon are colocalized to the same cell type, there is a gene-specific response for these two peptides after resection.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of the American College of Surgeons|
|State||Published - 1995|
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