Early predictors of urban adolescents community violence exposure

Sharon F. Lambert, Amie F. Bettencourt, Catherine P. Bradshaw, Nicholas S. Ialongo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study examined the extent to which individual, peer, and family factors predicted the onset of community violence exposure in middle and high school, as well as the indirect effects of early factors. We were particularly interested in the timing of exposure to community violence during adolescence, and thus conducted survival analyses on data from 632 urban youth, followed from first grade through high school. Early aggressive behavior and poor academic readiness were associated with an earlier onset of community violence exposure in adolescence. The effects of early aggression on community violence exposure and victimization were accounted for, in part, by peer rejection and deviant peer affiliation; there was no evidence of moderation by gender or parental monitoring. Findings highlight potential targets for preventive interventions with youth at risk of community violence exposure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26-44
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Keywords

  • adolescence risk
  • community violence exposure
  • survival analysis
  • urban

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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