Early Life Metabolism of Bisphenol A: A Systematic Review of the Literature

Rebecca M. Nachman, Jennifer C. Hartle, Peter S.J. Lees, John D. Groopman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


When a comprehensive report on BPA was published in 2008, few data were available to assess the extent to which known poor glucuronidation capacity impacts BPA internal dose in infants and young children. In this paper, evidence that has emerged since the 2008 report is summarized, including: 1) human biomarker studies in children aged 0–5 years; 2) animal studies of neonatal toxicokinetics; and 3) physically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models. To address limitations in these studies, we recommend more human biomonitoring studies in children aged 0–5 years in which unmetabolized (free) BPA and BPA metabolites are separately quantified and detailed quality-control data are reported, investigation of metabolic differences between humans and animal species used for the study of BPA metabolism, and enzyme ontogeny studies, which along with biomonitoring studies would reduce uncertainty in PBPK models of early-life BPA metabolism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)90-100
Number of pages11
JournalCurrent environmental health reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2014


  • BPA
  • Bisphenol A
  • Chemicals
  • Early life
  • Exposure
  • Metabolism
  • Toxicity
  • Toxicokinetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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