Objective: Right ventricular dysfunction is a poorly understood but persistent clinical problem. This study was undertaken to evaluate ventricular performance and β-adrenergic receptor signaling in a tricuspid regurgitation model of right ventricular overload. Methods: Seventeen dogs were chronically instrumented with epicardial dimension transducers. By means of the shell-subtraction model, right ventricular pressure-volume relationships were evaluated in normal and right ventricular overload states. Right ventricular chamber performance was quantified by the stroke work at an end-diastolic volume relationship. Results: Right ventricular volume overload caused a 28% ± 11% and 31% ± 9% decline in chamber performance acutely and at 1 week, respectively, whereas end-diastolic volume increased from 45 ± 21 to 60 ± 30 mL (P = .019). β-Adrenergic receptor signaling in myocardial samples was assessed, examining adenylyl cyclase and G-protein-coupled receptor kinase activity. Stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity significantly decreased, and G-protein-coupled receptor kinase activity significantly increased in both left and right ventricular samples caused by increased levels of β-adrenergic receptor kinase 1. No change in β-adrenergic receptor density was seen at 1 week. Conclusions: Early right ventricular overload is associated with impaired right ventricular chamber contractility, dilation, and, importantly, a biventricular alteration of β-adrenergic receptor signaling.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery|
|State||Published - 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine