Dysphagia screening measures for use in nursing homes: A systematic review

Yeon Hwan Park, Hwal Lan Bang, Hae Ra Han, Hee Kyung Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometric quality and feasibility of measurements for screening dysphagia in older adults to identify the ‘right tool’ for nurses to use in nursing homes. Methods: A systematic review was done. Electronic databases were searched for studies related to dysphagia screening measurements. A checklist was used to evaluate the psychometric quality and applicability. Tools were evaluated for feasible incorporation into routine care by nurses. Results: 29 tools from 31 studies were identified. Dysphagia screening tools with an acceptable validity and reliability had sensitivity between 68% and 100% and specificity between 52% and 100%. The Gugging Swallowing Screen (GUSS) and the Standardized Swallowing Assessment (SSA) were the tools with high psychometric quality, especially with high sensitivity, that nurses could perform feasibly to identify the risk and to grade the severity of dysphagia and aspiration of nursing home residents. Conclusion: Results show that GUSS and SSA are reliable and sensitive tools for screening dysphagia which nurses can use in nursing homes. Further research is needed to examine feasibility of screening with identified tools, and also, to establish effective and standardized protocols for these tools so they can be effectively incorporated into routine care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Korean Academy of Nursing
Volume45
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Deglutition disorders
  • Nursing
  • Nursing homes
  • Screening
  • Systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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