Dynamics of the Ligand Binding Domain Layer during AMPA Receptor Activation

Jelena Baranovic, Miriam Chebli, Hector Salazar, Anna L. Carbone, Katja Faelber, Albert Y. Lau, Oliver Daumke, Andrew J.R. Plested

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Ionotropic glutamate receptors are postsynaptic tetrameric ligand-gated channels whose activity mediates fast excitatory transmission. Glutamate binding to clamshell-shaped ligand binding domains (LBDs) triggers opening of the integral ion channel, but how the four LBDs orchestrate receptor activation is unknown. Here, we present a high-resolution x-ray crystal structure displaying two tetrameric LBD arrangements fully bound to glutamate. Using a series of engineered metal ion trapping mutants, we showed that the more compact of the two assemblies corresponds to an arrangement populated during activation of full-length receptors. State-dependent cross-linking of the mutants identified zinc bridges between the canonical active LBD dimers that formed when the tetramer was either fully or partially bound by glutamate. These bridges also stabilized the resting state, consistent with the recently published full-length apo structure. Our results provide insight into the activation mechanism of glutamate receptors and the complex conformational space that the LBD layer can sample.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)896-911
Number of pages16
JournalBiophysical journal
Volume110
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 23 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics

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