Dynamics of the human linear vestibulo-ocular reflex at medium frequency and modification by short-term training

Mark Shelhamer, Dale C. Roberts, David S. Zee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We study here the effect of a short-term training paradigm on the gain and phase of the human translational VOR (the linear VOR: LVOR). Subjects were exposed to lateral sinusoidal translations on a sled. at 0.5 Hz, 0.3 g peak acceleration. With subjects tracking a remembered target at 1.2 m, the LVOR (slow-phase) under these conditions typically has a phase lead or lag, and a gain that falls short of compensatory. To induce short-term adaptation (training), we presented an earth-fixed visual scene at 1.2 m during sinusoidal translation (×1 viewing) for 20 minutes, so as to drive the LVOR toward compensatory phase and gain. We examined both the slow-phase and the saccadic responses to these stimuli. Testing after training showed changes in slow-component gain and phase which were mostly but not always in the compensatory direction. These changes were more consistent in naive subjects than in subjects who had previous LVOR experience. Changes in gain were seen with step as well as sinusoidal test stimuli; gain changes were not correlated with vergence changes. There was a strong correlation between gain changes and phase changes across subjects. Fast phases (catch-up saccades) formed a large component of the LVOR under our testing conditions (approximately 30% of the amplitude before training), and formed a substantial part of the changes in gain but not in phase due to training.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)271-282
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation
Volume10
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000

Keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Human
  • Motor learning
  • Oculomotor
  • Otoliths
  • VOR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Clinical Neurology

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