Dynamics of Sendai virus spread, clearance, and immunotherapeutic efficacy after hematopoietic cell transplant imaged noninvasively in mice

Heba Mostafa, Peter Vogel, Ashok Srinivasan, Charles J. Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

There are no approved vaccines or virus-specific treatments for human parainfluenza viruses (HPIVs), which have recently been reclassified into the species Human respirovirus 1, Human respirovirus 3, Human rubulavirus 2, and Human rubulavirus 4. These viruses cause morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients, including those undergoing hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT). No small-animal models for noninvasive imaging of respiratory virus infection in the HCT host exist, despite the utility that such a system would offer to monitor prolonged infection, its clearance, and treatment options. We used a luciferase-expressing reporter virus to noninvasively image in mice the infection of murine respirovirus (strain Sendai virus [SeV]), the murine counterpart of HPIV1. Independent of disease severity, the clearance of infection began approximately 21 days after HCT, largely due to the recovery of CD8+ T cells. Immunotherapy with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and adoptive transfer of natural killer (NK) cells provided a limited therapeutic benefit. Treatment with a fusion (F) proteinspecific monoclonal antibody arrested the spread of lung infection and reduced the disease severity even when treatment was delayed to up to 10 days postinfection but had little observable effect on upper respiratory tract infection. Adoptive transfer of virusspecific T cells at 10 days postinfection accelerated the clearance by 5 days, reduced the extent of infection throughout the respiratory tract, and reduced the disease severity. Overall, the results support investigation of the clinical treatment of respiratory virus infection in the HCT host with monoclonal antibodies and adoptive T-cell transfer; the imaging system should be extendable to other respiratory viruses, such as respiratory syncytial virus and influenza virus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere01705-17
JournalJournal of virology
Volume92
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Bioluminescence imaging
  • Bone marrow transplantation
  • Hematopoietic cell transplant
  • Immunotherapy
  • Parainfluenza virus
  • Sendai virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Insect Science
  • Virology

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