We have determined the half-lives and amounts per hepatocyte of the polymeric IgA receptor (pIgA-R) and four rat hepatocyte plasma membrane proteins and subsequently have predicted their rates of synthesis and possible routes of degradation. Using in vivo pulse-chase metabolic labeling with L-[35S]cysteine, we found that the pIgA-R had an apparent half-life of 1.1 h. Additional metabolic labeling experiments showed that CE9, HA4, and HA321 had apparent half-lives of 4-5 days, and dipeptidyl peptidase IV had an apparent half-life of 9 days. To quantify the amount of each protein per hepatocyte, homogenates and a standard curve of purified protein were compared by immunoblotting. We found that these proteins were present at 1-8 x 106 molecules/hepatocyte. The calculated rate of synthesis for pIgA-R was 1.6 x 106 molecules/hepatocyte/h, whereas the others were synthesized at much lower rates (0.9-5 x 104 molecules/hepatocyte/h). Using immunoblot analysis, we found that pIgA-R was released into bile at a rate of 30%/h (700%/day), whereas dipeptidyl peptidase IV and HA4 were released at a rate of 2-3%/day. While the majority of the loss of pIgA-R from hepatocytes occurred by release into the bile, less than 30% of the degradation of dipeptidyl peptidase IV and HA4 could be accounted for by this pathway, suggesting that the remaining molecules must be retrieved from the apical surface before degradation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology