Dynamic properties of some β‐chain mutant hemoglobins

V. Militello, A. Cupane, M. Leone, W. S. Brinigar, A. ‐L Lu, C. Fronticelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The thermal behavior of the Soret band relative to the carbonmonoxy derivatives of some β‐chain mutant hemoglobins is studied in the temperature range 300–10 K and compared to that of wild‐type carbonmonoxy hemoglobin. The band profile at various temperatures is modeled as a Voigt function that accounts for homogeneous broadening and for the coupling with high‐ and low‐frequency vibrational modes, while inhomogeneous broadening is taken into account with a gaussian distribution of purely electronic transition frequencies. The various contributions to the overall bandwidth are singled out With this analysis and their temperature dependence, in turn, gives information on structural and dynamic properties of the system studied. In the wildtype and mutant hemoglobins, the values of homogeneous bandwidth and of the coupling constants to high‐frequency vibrational modes are not modified with respect to natural human hemoglobin, thus indicating that the local electronic and vibrational properties of the heme–CO complex are not altered by the recombinant procedures. On the contrary, differences in the protein dynamic behavior are observed. The most relevant are those relative to the “polar isosteric” βVal‐67(Ell) →Thr substitution, localized in the heme pocket, which results in decreased coupling with low‐frequency modes and increased anharmonic motions. Mutations involving residue βLys‐144(HC1) at the C‐terminal and residue βCys‐112(G14) at the α1β1 interface have a smaller effect consisting in an increased coupling with low‐frequency modes. Mutations at the β‐N‐terminal and at the α1β2 interface have no effect on the dynamic properties of the heme pocket. © 1995 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12-19
Number of pages8
JournalProteins: Structure, Function, and Bioinformatics
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • anharmonicity
  • low temperature optical spectroscopy
  • protein dynamics
  • recombinant hemoglobin
  • vibrational coupling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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