Dynamic Functional Connectivity States Reflecting Psychotic-like Experiences

Anita D. Barber, Martin A. Lindquist, Pamela DeRosse, Katherine H. Karlsgodt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) are associated with lower social and occupational functioning, and lower executive function. Emerging evidence also suggests that PLEs reflect neural dysfunction resembling that of psychotic disorders. Methods: The present study examined dynamic connectivity related to a measure of PLEs derived from the Achenbach Adult Self-Report, in an otherwise-healthy sample of adults from the Human Connectome Project. A total of 76 PLE-endorsing and 153 control participants were included in the final sample. To characterize network dysfunction, dynamic connectivity states were examined across large-scale resting-state networks using dynamic conditional correlation and k-means clustering. Results: Three dynamic states were identified. The PLE-endorsing group spent more time than the control group in state 1, a state reflecting hyperconnectivity within visual regions and hypoconnectivity within the default mode network, and less time in state 2, a state characterized by robust within-network connectivity for all networks and strong default mode network anticorrelations. Within the PLE-endorsing group, worse executive function was associated with more time spent in and more transitions into state 1 and less time spent in and fewer transitions into state 3. Conclusions: PLEs are associated with altered large-scale brain dynamics, which tip the system away from spending more time in states reflecting more “typical” connectivity patterns toward more time in states reflecting visual hyperconnectivity and default mode hypoconnectivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)443-453
Number of pages11
JournalBiological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
Volume3
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2018

Keywords

  • Default mode network
  • Dynamic connectivity
  • Executive function
  • Network
  • Psychosis
  • Psychotic experiences

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Biological Psychiatry

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