Duration of vaginal retention and potential duration of antiviral activity for five nonoxynol-9 containing intravaginal contraceptives

F. R. Witter, P. Barditch-Crovo, L. Rocco, C. B. Trapnell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the vaginal retention of five nonoxynol-9 intravaginal contraceptives. Method: An open- label crossover study in 10 premenopausal volunteers was performed at an outpatient clinical research center. The outcomes are described utilizing the median and range. Result: At 8 h post-instillation, the median amounts of nonoxynol-9 present in the vagina were: Delfon® 7.68 mg, Conceptrol® 5.18 mg, Advantage 24® 1.95 mg, VCF® 1.74 mg, and Semicid® 1.51 mg respectively. Our calculated theoretical minimal amount needed to protect against HIV infection is 2.00 mg. Conclusion: The best vehicle for retaining nonoxynol-9 in the vagina appears to be foam. Further research in the effectiveness of nonoxynol-9 in prevention of the spread of HIV infection should be directed toward the use of foam vehicles to deliver nonoxynol-9 to the vagina.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-170
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume65
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 1999

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • Contraception
  • HIV
  • Nonoxynol-9
  • Vagina

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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