Duration of knowledge in general thoracic surgery

John D. Urschel, Dorothy M. Urschel, Samuel M. Mannella, Joseph G. Antkowiak, Thomas A. Horan, W. Frederick Bennett, Richard F. Heitmiller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background. Medical knowledge changes rapidly, so current medical education approaches emphasize the development of life-long learning skills ("teaching the learner to learn") as opposed to the simple acquisition of contemporary medical knowledge. Because there are no data on the rapidity of change of general thoracic surgical knowledge, we do not know whether this trend in medical education is appropriate for thoracic surgical trainees. We undertook a study to assess the duration of knowledge in general thoracic surgery. Methods. The first general thoracic surgery article from each issue of The Annals of Thoracic Surgery between 1965 and 1997 was abstracted into a summary statement. A form, made up of 360 summary statements in random order, was assessed by 6 general thoracic surgeons. They assessed statement validity on a 5-point scale (1 = statement false; 5 = statement true). Average statement validity scores for 30 time intervals were calculated. The relationship between time of publication and statement validity was analyzed. Results. Average validity scores ranged from 2.24 (represents 1965 to 1966) to 4.32 (represents 1969 to 1970). Validity scores increased with time (y = 3.46 + 0.017x, where y is validity score and x is time), and this was significant (r = 0.40; p = 0.027). However, the absolute change in average validity scores over the 33-year study period was only 0.52 or 13.1% of the "modern" era scores. Conclusions. The assumption that medical knowledge changes quickly may not be true in general thoracic surgery. Although life-long learning skills are important, general thoracic surgery training programs should continue to emphasize fundamental knowledge in the specialty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)337-339
Number of pages3
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume71
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Fingerprint

Thoracic Surgery
Thorax
Medical Education
Learning
Publications
Teaching
Education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery

Cite this

Urschel, J. D., Urschel, D. M., Mannella, S. M., Antkowiak, J. G., Horan, T. A., Bennett, W. F., & Heitmiller, R. F. (2001). Duration of knowledge in general thoracic surgery. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 71(1), 337-339. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-4975(00)02331-6

Duration of knowledge in general thoracic surgery. / Urschel, John D.; Urschel, Dorothy M.; Mannella, Samuel M.; Antkowiak, Joseph G.; Horan, Thomas A.; Bennett, W. Frederick; Heitmiller, Richard F.

In: Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Vol. 71, No. 1, 2001, p. 337-339.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Urschel, JD, Urschel, DM, Mannella, SM, Antkowiak, JG, Horan, TA, Bennett, WF & Heitmiller, RF 2001, 'Duration of knowledge in general thoracic surgery', Annals of Thoracic Surgery, vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 337-339. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-4975(00)02331-6
Urschel JD, Urschel DM, Mannella SM, Antkowiak JG, Horan TA, Bennett WF et al. Duration of knowledge in general thoracic surgery. Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 2001;71(1):337-339. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-4975(00)02331-6
Urschel, John D. ; Urschel, Dorothy M. ; Mannella, Samuel M. ; Antkowiak, Joseph G. ; Horan, Thomas A. ; Bennett, W. Frederick ; Heitmiller, Richard F. / Duration of knowledge in general thoracic surgery. In: Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 2001 ; Vol. 71, No. 1. pp. 337-339.
@article{65d6b99e16434b6eb2b4505966ff72d4,
title = "Duration of knowledge in general thoracic surgery",
abstract = "Background. Medical knowledge changes rapidly, so current medical education approaches emphasize the development of life-long learning skills ({"}teaching the learner to learn{"}) as opposed to the simple acquisition of contemporary medical knowledge. Because there are no data on the rapidity of change of general thoracic surgical knowledge, we do not know whether this trend in medical education is appropriate for thoracic surgical trainees. We undertook a study to assess the duration of knowledge in general thoracic surgery. Methods. The first general thoracic surgery article from each issue of The Annals of Thoracic Surgery between 1965 and 1997 was abstracted into a summary statement. A form, made up of 360 summary statements in random order, was assessed by 6 general thoracic surgeons. They assessed statement validity on a 5-point scale (1 = statement false; 5 = statement true). Average statement validity scores for 30 time intervals were calculated. The relationship between time of publication and statement validity was analyzed. Results. Average validity scores ranged from 2.24 (represents 1965 to 1966) to 4.32 (represents 1969 to 1970). Validity scores increased with time (y = 3.46 + 0.017x, where y is validity score and x is time), and this was significant (r = 0.40; p = 0.027). However, the absolute change in average validity scores over the 33-year study period was only 0.52 or 13.1{\%} of the {"}modern{"} era scores. Conclusions. The assumption that medical knowledge changes quickly may not be true in general thoracic surgery. Although life-long learning skills are important, general thoracic surgery training programs should continue to emphasize fundamental knowledge in the specialty.",
author = "Urschel, {John D.} and Urschel, {Dorothy M.} and Mannella, {Samuel M.} and Antkowiak, {Joseph G.} and Horan, {Thomas A.} and Bennett, {W. Frederick} and Heitmiller, {Richard F.}",
year = "2001",
doi = "10.1016/S0003-4975(00)02331-6",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "71",
pages = "337--339",
journal = "Annals of Thoracic Surgery",
issn = "0003-4975",
publisher = "Elsevier USA",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Duration of knowledge in general thoracic surgery

AU - Urschel, John D.

AU - Urschel, Dorothy M.

AU - Mannella, Samuel M.

AU - Antkowiak, Joseph G.

AU - Horan, Thomas A.

AU - Bennett, W. Frederick

AU - Heitmiller, Richard F.

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - Background. Medical knowledge changes rapidly, so current medical education approaches emphasize the development of life-long learning skills ("teaching the learner to learn") as opposed to the simple acquisition of contemporary medical knowledge. Because there are no data on the rapidity of change of general thoracic surgical knowledge, we do not know whether this trend in medical education is appropriate for thoracic surgical trainees. We undertook a study to assess the duration of knowledge in general thoracic surgery. Methods. The first general thoracic surgery article from each issue of The Annals of Thoracic Surgery between 1965 and 1997 was abstracted into a summary statement. A form, made up of 360 summary statements in random order, was assessed by 6 general thoracic surgeons. They assessed statement validity on a 5-point scale (1 = statement false; 5 = statement true). Average statement validity scores for 30 time intervals were calculated. The relationship between time of publication and statement validity was analyzed. Results. Average validity scores ranged from 2.24 (represents 1965 to 1966) to 4.32 (represents 1969 to 1970). Validity scores increased with time (y = 3.46 + 0.017x, where y is validity score and x is time), and this was significant (r = 0.40; p = 0.027). However, the absolute change in average validity scores over the 33-year study period was only 0.52 or 13.1% of the "modern" era scores. Conclusions. The assumption that medical knowledge changes quickly may not be true in general thoracic surgery. Although life-long learning skills are important, general thoracic surgery training programs should continue to emphasize fundamental knowledge in the specialty.

AB - Background. Medical knowledge changes rapidly, so current medical education approaches emphasize the development of life-long learning skills ("teaching the learner to learn") as opposed to the simple acquisition of contemporary medical knowledge. Because there are no data on the rapidity of change of general thoracic surgical knowledge, we do not know whether this trend in medical education is appropriate for thoracic surgical trainees. We undertook a study to assess the duration of knowledge in general thoracic surgery. Methods. The first general thoracic surgery article from each issue of The Annals of Thoracic Surgery between 1965 and 1997 was abstracted into a summary statement. A form, made up of 360 summary statements in random order, was assessed by 6 general thoracic surgeons. They assessed statement validity on a 5-point scale (1 = statement false; 5 = statement true). Average statement validity scores for 30 time intervals were calculated. The relationship between time of publication and statement validity was analyzed. Results. Average validity scores ranged from 2.24 (represents 1965 to 1966) to 4.32 (represents 1969 to 1970). Validity scores increased with time (y = 3.46 + 0.017x, where y is validity score and x is time), and this was significant (r = 0.40; p = 0.027). However, the absolute change in average validity scores over the 33-year study period was only 0.52 or 13.1% of the "modern" era scores. Conclusions. The assumption that medical knowledge changes quickly may not be true in general thoracic surgery. Although life-long learning skills are important, general thoracic surgery training programs should continue to emphasize fundamental knowledge in the specialty.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035135227&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035135227&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0003-4975(00)02331-6

DO - 10.1016/S0003-4975(00)02331-6

M3 - Article

C2 - 11216773

AN - SCOPUS:0035135227

VL - 71

SP - 337

EP - 339

JO - Annals of Thoracic Surgery

JF - Annals of Thoracic Surgery

SN - 0003-4975

IS - 1

ER -