BACKGROUND: Intramyocardial injection of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in chronic ischemic cardiomyopathy is associated with reverse remodeling in experimental models and humans. Here, we tested the hypothesis that allogeneic MSC therapy drives ventricular remodeling by producing durable and progressive scar size reduction in ischemic cardiomyopathy.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Gottingen swine (n=12) underwent left anterior descending coronary artery myocardial infarction (MI), and 3 months post-MI animals received either intramyocardial allogeneic MSC injection (200 mol/L cells; n=6) or left ventricle (LV) catheterization without injection (n=6). Swine were followed with serial cardiac magnetic resonance imaging for 9 months to assess structural and functional changes of the LV. Intramyocardial injection was performed using an integrated imaging platform combining electroanatomical mapping unipolar voltage and 3-dimensional cardiac magnetic resonance imaging angiography-derived anatomy to accurately target infarct border zone injections. MSC-treated animals had a 19.62 ± 2.86% reduction in scar size at 3 months postinjection, which progressed to 28.09 ± 2.31% from 3 to 6 months postinjection (P
CONCLUSION: Intramyocardial injection of allogeneic MSCs leads to a sustained and progressive reduction in infarct size, which in turn drives reverse remodeling and increases in ejection fraction. These findings support ongoing biological activity of cell therapy for substantial periods and suggest optimal end points for future clinical trials.
- cardiac magnetic resonance imaging
- ischemic cardiomyopathy
- stem cell therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas